Samoyed Dog Breed Information and Personality Traits 2022

Samoyed Dog Breed Information and Personality Traits 2022

A pleasant and intelligent dog, the Samoyed seeks human company and is not happy if left alone for long periods. As he tends to get fat, giving him relatively small portions of quality food is better.

Samoyed At a Glance

The Samoyed was introduced to England at the end of the 19th century; it would be a gift from the Tsar of Russia. We know that this dog was very popular with Queen Alexandra.

Cut :

Weight  :

Male: 50 to 65 lbs 

Female: 35 to 50 lbs

Height at the withers:

Male: 22″

Female: 20″

Special Features:

Erect ears (in their natural state)

Realistic Expectations:

Exercise requirement: 20-40 minutes per day

Energy level: Average

Life expectancy: 10-12 years

Tendency to Drool: Low

Tendency to snore: Low

Tendency to bark: Moderate

Tendency to dig: Moderate

Need for companionship/d Caution: High


Reindeer herder, guard dog, draft dog.

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Coat :

Length: Mid-long

Characteristics: Double coat, straight

Color: White and biscuit, cream or completely biscuit

Grooming needs: High

Official Recognition:

AKC Classification: Working Dogs

UKC Classification: Nordic Breeds 

Popularity: Widespread

The Samoyed is a medium-sized dog that stands 19 to 23 1/2 inches at the withers and weighs 50 to 65 lbs (23 to 29 kg).

The male is often larger than the female. It is a vigorous dog with a square stature whose bushy tail is curved forward from the base, back, or side.

The ears are erect, and the head is broad. The corners of the lips are slightly upturned to form the characteristic “Samoyed smile.” Although sporting pure white fur, the Samoyed should have nice dark pigmentation around the eyes, nose, and lips.

Its brilliant white fur is the hallmark of the Samoyed. 

As you would expect from a Nordic breed, the outer coat is thick, coarse, and straight while the undercoat is dense. The coat is pure white, but a biscuit or cream color is acceptable. The Samoyed’s coat is well lifted all over, making it a large plush.

Personality :

With a friendly and pleasant character, the Samoyed is an intelligent dog, a bit independent. Originally raised to live in a cramped tent with his family, he loves human company. He barks to alert his master, and if left alone for long periods, he will likely develop a habit of excessive barking. He may be inclined to dig holes where he can take refuge to shelter himself from the heat wave.

The Samoyed usually gets along well with other dogs, people, and other pets that have been raised with them. He may tend to chase people and nibble at their heels like a herding dog. He generally gets along well with children, although he can be a little restless for a family with toddlers.

Daily Life:

The Samoyed is another breed that tends to get fat; an excess of treats or a lack of exercise can easily make it obese. It is recommended to give him relatively small portions of quality food. The Samoyed is a hardy, long-lived dog, and it is not uncommon for them to reach 12 to 14 years of age.

Being active, the Samoyed needs daily exercise. Training is not a problem for him as he gets along well with humans. He enthusiastically participates in dog shows, including obedience, agility, herd control, sled driving, and weight shot.

He is unhappy if he is left alone for long periods. The Samoyed has a habit of barking to alert its master, but then it greets the stranger by wagging its tail. The characteristic “Samoyed smile,” which is explained by the fact that the corners of the lips are slightly turned up, is not a sign of aggression.

As the Samoyed can be a bit independent, it should be trained and socialized from a young age by showing firmness without being harsh. The Samoyed is happy when he has a task to perform, even pulling a small cart as part of a parade! Its coat requires almost daily grooming, especially during molting.

Samoyed Dog Breed Information and Personality Traits 2022


The Samoyed is one of the oldest breeds of domestic dogs. The nomadic tribes of Siberia used it to herd reindeer and a sled dog when needed. Originally, there was a significant variety of coats, but nowadays, white fur with a brilliant sheen is predominant globally. The Laika Nenets was originally a reindeer herder used by northern Russia’s Nenets peoples (Samoyed group). It could be the ancestor of the Samoyed as we know it.

Early European explorers quickly saw the value of this versatile, hardy, and friendly dog. The Samoyed was introduced to England at the end of the 19th century; it would be a gift from the Tsar of Russia. We know that this dog was very popular with Queen Alexandra. The Samoyeds subsequently took part in many polar expeditions; ‘Etah,’ a female Samoyed, is remembered for leading the sled on Roald Amundsen’s first trip to the South Pole.

The Samoyed is still used to herd reindeer and pull sleds in the North today but is recognized worldwide as a good family companion.

Physical characteristics of the Samoyed

The Samoyed is a very handsome, medium-sized dog of the Spitz type, which clearly shows its Nordic origins with its small, erect and well-furnished ears, brushtail, and thick and dense coat. It is perhaps the showiest of all Group 5 dogs with its white coat and classic “smile,” which is a distinguishing feature of the breed.

The head is wedge-shaped, with a broad, flat skull and a medium-length, pointed but not a too thin muzzle. The eyes are very dark, almond-shaped, and deep with a lively expression. The ears are erect, not too long, and slightly rounded at the tip. The chest is deep; the back is of medium length, broad and muscular. The limbs are straight and muscular with good bone.

Hair: straight, hard, not coated; rather long but never wavy or curly. Thick, dense, soft, and short undercoat.

Color: pure white, white, and biscuit.

Size: approximately 52.5 cm for the male and 45.5 for the female

Weight: 20 to 30 kg

Origins and history

Its most remote origins are Nordic and common to those of other sled dogs. Its name comes from the Samoyed tribe, who selected its purity in the Far North. However, their dogs were not white, and it would even seem that the dominant color was black. The white color appeared with the modern breeding of the breed, which began in parallel in England and the United States from the two types of dogs bred by the Samoyeds: the “bear type” and the “wolf type.” After a period of uncertainty, the paternity of the breed was first attributed to England. Still, the Samoyed is now definitively attached to northern Russia and Siberia under the aegis of the Nordic Kennel Union ( NKU).

Character and Abilities

He is a very sweet and affectionate dog but rather independent like all Nordic dogs. However, he is certainly the most docile of the group and loves children. Born as a sled dog, it is used mainly as a companion and show dog. It should never be used in guard and defense tasks for which it is unsuitable. He remains friendly and playful, even when old. Stubborn and not very obedient, it is not a dog made for everyone: like all Nordic dogs, it should not be based solely on its beauty to choose but study the breed carefully and weigh the pros and cons before making a decision. Another small negative detail: the Samoyed barks a lot.



He is a gentle and affectionate dog who will appreciate being cuddled by his masters but who still keeps a certain distance, like many Nordic dogs.

Player :

Even as an adult, this Nordic dog will always be ready to play, especially with the children he greatly appreciates.

Calm :

This sled dog is very dynamic and athletic. However, if various stimulating activities meet his needs, he will know how to stay calm and appreciate the comfort of his basket to rest.

Clever :

On the one hand, this dog’s ability to adapt to many lifestyles is a testament to its intelligence.

On the other hand, it may seem paradoxical, but this Nordic dog does not cooperate easily. Indeed, if he perceives an inconsistency or he does not trust his interlocutor, then communication will be difficult. It also reflects a certain intelligence.


This white dog is a good hunter, even if it’s not his favorite activity. Small animals can quickly be perceived as prey for him. However, with more players than predators, this instinct remains weak, especially over the selections.

Fearful/wary of strangers:

Unlike many dogs of its rank, the Samoyed is rather welcoming towards strangers, which, by the way, makes it a poor guardian.

Therefore, he will be neither fearful nor aggressive towards strangers and will prefer to ask for caresses or a play session.

Independent :

Like all Nordic dogs, the Samoiedskaya Sabaka has a particularly independent character. It does not prevent him from being very attached to his social group and trying to please his master.


Endure loneliness:

This dog does not tolerate being locked up or tied away from its social group. The same is true when he is left alone at home. Vocalizations and destruction can then come in response to his emotional discomfort.

Easy to train / obedient:

The education of Nordic dogs is, in general, often delicate. Their independence and strong head do not leave room for spontaneous cooperation.

However, this white dog can cooperate if his master shows him certain confidence, consistency, and great patience.

Learning must be started from an early age of the Samoyed puppy to avoid the appearance and maintenance of bad habits.

Educational methods must respect the principles of positive education. No brutality should be present during the education sessions, at the risk of rushing him and not being able to obtain anything from him.


Whether with humans or his congeners, to express his joy, frustration, or enthusiasm, the Samoyed barks a lot to communicate.


Its independence accompanied by its possible hunting instinct, which can be more or less developed, according to the lines, can participate in making this Nordic a runaway dog.

Additionally, suppose his physical, olfactory, and master do not properly meet social spending needs. In that case, this big white good might decide to escape on his own to satisfy them.


The Samoyed is a very active dog, needing almost constant activity; boredom is his worst enemy.

If he is not sufficiently spent and left alone for too long, he will seek to exteriorize his excess energy by attacking everything he finds in his path.

Of course, this does not apply to dogs regularly exercised and stimulated to their standards.


This big white dog will never shy away from a treat, but it should only be given after good behavior.

Being overweight is not for this athletic dog, so he must learn not to beg and to wait quietly for his meal.

Watchdog :

His good nature, joie de vivre, and enthusiasm when guests arrive do not make this dog a good guardian.

He can, however, warn through his barking. However, being so recurrent, his owners may not take his barking very seriously.

First dog:

This dog’s majestic and noble appearance can capsize the hearts of many future adopters, but it is important to keep in mind the true nature of this Nordic dog.

It is not given to everyone to be able to assume such a stubborn dog and, above all, in constant demand for activities.

It takes time, patience, and a lot of investment to adopt a Samoyed. Beginning masters could then quickly let themselves be overwhelmed.

Living conditions

Preferably in the garden, because the too high temperatures of the apartments in winter do not allow the dress to express its full beauty.

Samoyed in an apartment:

This dog should never lead a “living room” life; its elegant appearance hides a very rustic dog and a real athlete who must train and carry out the constant activity.

He will be the happiest of dogs if he lives in the countryside with a garden, and even better if he lives in the mountains. Indeed, the too high temperatures of the apartments in winter do not allow the dress to express all its beauty.

However, whether he lives in a city or rural environment, indoors or outdoors, several long and rich walks should be offered to him and regular sporting activity.

Need for exercise / sport:

A sled dog, the Samoyed is a born athlete who needs to run and expend his great energy daily. Simple neighborhood walks cannot satisfy him.

In addition to offering him long outings every day, it is imperative to make him do a regular sporting activity to maintain his physical and mental balance.

Traction can-sports, agility, obedience, or even tracking will be activities in which this hairy white dog will be able to excel.

Travel / Ease of transport:

The medium size of this white dog allows him to follow his masters on trips without too much difficulty. Indeed, it is more his thick fur that gives this dog this impressive size.

However, for the transport to go smoothly and smoothly, a good education, firm and gentle at the same time, followed by quality socialization, will be essential.


The Samoyed and Cats:

Even if the hunting instinct of this Nordic dog remains limited, it is still present, especially concerning small animals, including the cat.

Cohabitation then seems complicated unless the Samoyed puppy has been used to being around them from an early age.

The Samoyed and Other Dogs:

This white dog has a rather aggressive nature, accustomed to living in packs; confrontations do not scare him. However, good socialization will limit and control this annoying reflex.

Nevertheless, for uncastrated males, you should not expect miracles.

The Samoyed and children:

He is a sweet, affectionate, and caring dog who adores children. It will also be a perfect playmate for them.

However, rules of life must be established and respected, especially by children, to guarantee safety and tranquility.

The Samoyed and the Elderly:

The great energy of this Nordic dog is unfortunately not compatible with a sedentary life with the elderly.


It is extremely hardy and lives a very long time. He can normally live, even when the temperature is very low and is not particularly afraid of the heat because his coat is an excellent “thermoregulator.”

Resistant / robust:

It is extremely robust and solid, thanks to its double coat, which gives it excellent protection. In addition, this dog has a good life expectancy and rarely falls ill.

Withstands heat:

Even if this Nordic has adapted perfectly to the European climate, it remains a vigorous defender of low temperatures and does not tolerate heat very well.

Withstands the cold:

It can normally live, even when the temperatures are very low, thanks to its incredible fur, which gives it very good protection.

Tendency to grow:

If he is sufficiently spent every day, this great sportsman can keep his weight in shape. Be careful, however, of being overweight for dogs with an unsuitable diet and/or physical condition.

Common illnesses:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • heatstroke
  • Retinal atrophy
  • Cerebellar cortical abiotrophy (destruction of cells in the cerebellum)
  • Skin problems
  • Kidney failures
  • Canine spongiform leukoencephalomyelopathy (neurodegenerative disorder)
  • Myasthenia gravis (an autoimmune disease that causes muscle weakness)
  • Diabetes

Grooming and maintenance

The Samoiedskaïa Sabaka requires rigor, patience, and regularity to maintain the beauty and quality of its beautiful dress.

Daily brushing (and sometimes tedious) will be necessary during molting periods (an annual molt for the male, two annual molts for the female). For the rest of the year, weekly brushing is sufficient.

If he regularly moves in the snow, regular care should be taken off his pads (vaseline before a race, boots in case of injury, etc.).

Hair loss:

Hair loss is very important, especially during molting periods when it becomes very abundant. Dead hair should be removed daily.


The price of a Samoyed varies according to its origins, age, and sex. It takes about 1000€ for a dog registered with the LOF. The highest lines can be sold for up to 1350€.

In addition, around fifty euros will be required to meet the needs of this large white dog, whether through food or annual care.

Average life expectancy: about 11 years

Notes and Tips

This dog should never lead a “living room” life because its elegant appearance hides a rustic dog and a real athlete who must train and carry out the constant activity.

Good to know: In addition to having a good nature and a formidable charm, this Nordic dog knows how to smile; it is moreover a particularity specific to this breed, which delights young and old. It is due to his lips which are slightly curled up to the corners to form the typical “Samoyed smile” so appreciated.

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