A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants. The biological function of a flower is to facilitate reproduction, usually by providing a mechanism for the union of sperm with eggs.

Do you want to decorate your patio but not know what garden flowers you can plant? Do not worry! Today, you will learn how to grow garden flowers for a cold, hardy, sun hardy shade and last year long. 

In this article, we will introduce you to 10 garden flower names to grow at home and give a special touch to the exteriors of your home. Likewise, we will provide you with all the information to plant them with your own hands. 

Also, we will tell you what the botanical name of each one is. According to Paquita Romano, teacher of the online Home Gardening course: Grow, decorate and live green, this is very important because it will help us know what each of the garden flowers on this list is called anywhere in the world. 

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1. Hydrangeas 

Hydrangeas, known to the botanical world as Hydrangea, are ornamental garden flowers originating in South and East Asia, specifically countries such as China, Japan, Korea, and Indonesia. There are more than 170 garden flowers in the hydrangea family, in colours such as pink, blue, and white. In addition, its tones can vary according to the PH of the soil. 

It is widespread to see these outdoor garden flowers on bushes; however, its stems can grow up to 3 meters. On the other hand, they do not grow very well in alkaline soils, with a rocky and dense appearance, low infiltration capacity, and slow permeability.

How to sow garden flowers like hydrangeas? To place the root ball, you need to dig a deep hole in moist, porous soil. Separate them from other flowers by at least 3 feet. Try to plant them in spring or fall, as hydrangeas like the morning sun and need to be exposed to light for at least 5 hours to grow healthy. 

2. Geraniums

Geraniums are plants of South African origin that take the scientific name GeraniumThese flowering garden plants form a family with more than 422 species that are usually used to decorate gardens and balconies, as well as for the creation of fragrances, due to their sweet and floral aroma, similar to that of roses. 

Geraniums are versatile garden plants, as they do not need very moist soil to grow. Suppose you want to improve the drainage and fertility of the ground so that the geraniums grow healthy. In that case, you can add compost or specialized fertilizers for these garden flowers every 4 to 6 weeks. 

Also, geraniums are easy garden flowers to care for because they only need to be watered twice a week in summer and once in winter. In turn, garden flowers are resistant to cold and diseases. However, geraniums must be exposed to the sun for at least 6 hours a day; otherwise, they will not flourish. 

3. Rose bushes 

In botany, rose bushes are the highest order to the Rosaceae family. Still, according to the APG Classification System II, a modern system of botanical taxonomy, rose bushes have more than 8000 species grouped into more than 24 families. These are garden flowers that bloom year-round, so you’ll have a beautiful yard 365 days a year.

As for the soil, these will depend on the type of garden flowers you grow. Some rose bushes can thrive in soils of medium texture, fertile, and moderate PH, while others can grow in excellent soils and arid reactions. The only grounds to avoid are sandy and dry ones. 

If we talk about climate, the garden flowers in question are plants that enjoy the light. Some species of rose bushes do very well in the sun, and others survive with some shade, but generally, they do not withstand frigid winters well.  

Rose bushes are plants for sunny gardens that require specific special care. For example, they should be fertilized once every three months, prune wilted flowers, water a lot, and control pests with specialized insecticides. 


4. Dahlias

Dahlias, recognized in the scientific world as Dahlias, are gorgeous natural garden flowers originating in Mexico and Guatemala, discovered by the Aztec Indians. This species belongs to the Asteraceae family and has more than two thousand varieties of different shapes and colours to grow in your garden or your favourite pots. 

These garden flowers are used mainly for decoration. 

In terms of their care, dahlias are low maintenance garden plants since they only require sun, so they bloom best in summer until late fall and water twice a week. However, they are cold hardy garden flowers, down to temperatures of -12 degrees Celsius. 

Growing dahlias in your garden, you need fertile soil with good drainage and a neutral PH. Ideally, the soil should be slightly moist and cool to plant these garden flowers. Also, as we mentioned, make sure they are in a sunny place, but if you live in an area with intense heat, plant the dahlias where they are not directly exposed to sunlight to avoid wilting. 

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5. Petunias

Petunias are outdoor garden flowers that have the same standard, scientific name. This genus consists of 23 species native to the South American region, but most are hybrids. Like most garden flowers on this list, petunias are used for decoration because of their variety of colours and easy cultivation. 

These garden flowers are resistant plants since they support tropical climates and low humidity. During the summer and in case of being in an arid region, petunias will require daily watering. On the other hand, it prevents water from falling on the petals because they can break. 

Petunias are sun-resistant garden flowers, as they require sunlight for 5-6 hours a day. However, in winter, try to move them indoors to avoid frost. In addition, it is necessary to prune the flowers and leaves that wither since they take away the light from the plant. 

Garden flower seeds are tiny to plant petunias, so you must carefully sow them. Also, make sure there is a separation of at least 20 centimetres between plant and plant.  

6. Jasmine

Jasmine has the botanical name Jasminum and has more than 200 species originating in the tropical regions of Africa, Asia and Europe. It is a climbing garden flower; they are plants capable of attaching to vertical surfaces with their roots, so white flowers are perfect for covering walls. 

Jasmine is one of the most common garden flowers to spice up the walls of patios and gardens. However, some varieties grow in shrubs, and others can be grown in pots. They all need direct sun exposure to increase healthy and robustness, but they resist hot and cold climates.

Jasmine flowers are also widely used as medicinal plants in aromatherapy with analgesic and antidepressant effects. In turn, the scent of these flowering garden plants helps you sleep and works as an aphrodisiac. 

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8. Tulips

As they are known in botanical science, Tulipa spp, Tulips are bulbous garden flowers that feature over 150 varieties, plus lots of hybrids. These beautiful plants for garden decoration originate from the Middle East, in countries such as Iran, Kazakhstan and Afghanistan. Still, today they are trendy, grown worldwide, and represent the Netherlands.

This plant has yellow garden flowers and other bright colours such as red and fuchsia. In addition, they are characterized by their turban shape and have a height between 30 and 60 centimetres. 

Tulips are garden flowers that resist direct sunlight but can survive in semi-shade. On the other hand, it requires drained and sandy soils and must always be moist. However, avoid growing this flower for more than two years on the same ground, as it absorbs too many nutrients.

How to plant garden flowers like tulips? First, you must dig a hole 10 centimetres deep and place the bulbs at least 20 centimetres apart. These garden flowers require daily watering and fertilizer every 30 days regarding their care. 

9. Carnations

Dianthus caryophyllus is the botanical name for garden flowers commonly known as carnations. These plants are native to the Mediterranean region, particularly the Iberian Peninsula; For this reason, it is considered the national flower of Spain. These flowers have a wide range of varieties, the most famous being the China carnation, the poet’s carnation and the crowned carnation. 

In addition to being used for decoration and creating flower arrangements, carnations are aromatic garden flowers used for fragrance formulation. 

Carnations are summer garden flowers that grow in red, pink, white, salmon, and yellow shades. Also, there are some bicolour species. On the other hand, they are easily recognized because they grow into dense clumps of up to one meter in height.

To grow and bloom healthily, these garden flowers require plenty of sunlight and well-drained, porous soil. Likewise, the optimum temperature for its development is between 22 and 12 degrees Celsius. 


10. Lavender

Lavender is a garden flowering plant known as Lavandula officinalis in the discipline of botany. It belongs to the Lamiaceae family and contains about 70 species. 

We all know this plant for gardens for its characteristic relaxing aroma. It is widely used in the aromatherapy industry to create fragrances and essential oils. It has soothing properties that, in turn, treat muscle aches and headaches. 

Also, its scent works to scare away insects from closed places, such as closets and drawers. 

These aromatic garden flowers are blue and purple and need plenty of sunlight to grow healthy; however, they are resistant to winter climates. On the other hand, they are low maintenance since they only need to be watered twice a week. 

11. Daisies

Bellis perennis is the botanical name for garden flowers commonly called daisies. These plants are classified as woody shrubs and are native to the grasslands of Western Europe. 

Daisies are wildflowers that can be sown in the garden and in pots that are at least 12 inches deep. It only requires a soil rich in a substrate, with sand and well-drained, in addition to being watered abundantly once or twice a week. 

Also, they are hardy garden flowers. Although they do best in bright, humid places with warm temperatures, daisies survive the cold and shade very well. In addition, they are solid against pests and diseases. 

We hope you liked today’s article as much as we did. Now you know the most beautiful garden flowers to decorate your home. You have options for different climates, soil,s and space in this list of garden flowers. Choose the one that best suits your green areas and dare to create a garden full of life and colour! 

Research how to care for your plants and all about garden care and maintenance so that you have garden flowers that last all year long. Also, you can start with easy-to-grow flowers and then plant non-flowering plants with more complex flowers and become a master gardener. 

If you are looking to learn more about the world of botany to design a garden and transform spaces, we recommend the Home Gardening online course: Grow, decorate and live green by Paquita Romano. 

Many of us plant and grow plants throughout the year, waiting for the spring or summertime to come when most of them bloom. However, what would you say if you could have a few plants that bloom all year round?

Yes, you read that correctly, and there are some species that, thanks to their resistance to low temperatures, can flourish at other times of the year, such as autumn and, depending on how even in winter Please pay attention, because below we will tell you details about some of the plants that bloom all year round.

What was the most popular flower?

RosesRoses are considered the most acclaimed flower in the world. These popular flowers come in a variety of different colors, sizes, and shapes. Roses have also come to represent many different aspects of humanity, such as beauty, innocence, war, politics, and romance.

How many types of flowers are there?

Flowers come in thousands of different shapes and color combinations, each with their own name and classification. There are over 400,000 types of flowering plants, so there is sure to be a flower that speaks to your unique personality!


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What flower is beautiful?

RoseThe rose is considered the most beautiful flower in the world, which is why it’s called the “queen of the garden.” It’s one of the most popular flowers worldwide, and it comes in different sizes and colors. Also, they’re very common throughout the world.

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