Medicinal properties periwinkle, application, benefits of a flower 2022
Periwinkle (Vinca minor) is an excellent evergreen groundcover with dark green foliage. Oblong to ovate leaves are opposite, simple, ½ to 2 inches long, glossy, with a short petiole. They exude a milky juice when broken. Flowers are purple, blue or white depending on the cultivar
Medicinal properties and contraindications of periwinkle, application, benefits of a flower
Periwinkle adapts to any condition and is very tough. The dense, glossy leaves do not fall remain as green in fall as in spring. It has long been attributed to the magical power of the plant, which is used as a talisman against evil creatures.
People also knew the medicinal properties of the periwinkle old days, they also paid attention to contraindications because they knew that perennials contained poison.
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oneThe chemical composition of the plant.
two useful properties of the periwinkle
3Periwinkle-based preparations in traditional medicine
4Traditional medicine recipes
4.1Decoction of leaves
4.2Decoction of dried herbs
5How to collect and acquire
6Contraindications and side effects of periwinkle
The chemical composition of the plant
Among all the types of herbs in the Kutrov family, only the periwinkle has healing power. The use of drugs made from creeping shrubs helps to cope with various diseases to prevent their development.
The leaves, stems, and delicate flowers of the periwinkle are rich in:
- carotene and pectins;
- sugars and tannins;
- flavonoids and mineral salts.
The plant contains various types of organic acids; it contains about 20 names of alkaloids. Vincristine, vinblastine prevent growth of malignant cells stop the development of cancer. Devinkan calms the nerves, normalizes blood pressure. Minorin and vinine positively affect neurochemical processes in the human body.
Useful properties of the periwinkle
The girls wove wreaths an evergreen shrub 10 to 12 inches tall, which they used for guessing. In Switzerland and Austria, bouquets from the plant were hung in houses to protect them from the elements and evil spirits. Ukrainian brides adorned their hair with flowers and periwinkle twigs, showered the newlyweds with petals at the wedding.
The creeping bush is used in landscape design to organize flower beds, ridges and ennoble the territory. They make flower arrangements of the plant; they make bouquets.
Creeping herb infusions help cope with scurvy, as they are rich in vitamins. In alternative medicine, a plant delicate flowers is used to eliminate impotence, relieve pain. Little periwinkle decoctions are used to treat diabetes mellitus, malaria, colds, and migraines.
The perennial herbaceous plant has many beneficial properties:
- Copes with a bacterial infection.
- It has a beneficial effect on heart muscle.
- Heals wounds, purulent eczema.
- Relieves muscle spasms
- Stops bleeding
Periwinkle helps improve vision and hearing, restore brain functions, eliminate diarrhea, and remove poisons from the body. The decoctions of the plant return velvety elasticity to the skin of the face.
Preparations that are made a tenacious and unpretentious herb are used in therapy:
Periwinkle remedies are prescribed for people who have blood cancer, Hodgkin’s disease, and facial nerve neuritis. Perennial drugs are used in psychiatry. Otolaryngologists prescribe shiny-leaved grass medications for hearing problems, impaired smell, and chronic pharyngolaryngitis.
Periwinkle-based preparations in traditional medicine
In the pharmaceutical industry, an extract of the plant is obtained, which is used to prepare tablets and powders.
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The drug is prescribed for patients who have suffered a brain injury, have had a stroke, suffer from migraine, hypertension, sinus tachycardia. Vincamine, which is produced as a brown powder, has an unpleasant odor but contributes to:
- memory restoration;
- smooth muscle relaxation;
- improve blood circulation in the brain.
The drug increases mental performance, normalizes sleep, calms the nerves.
“Vincamine” is prescribed for children with intellectual disabilities.
The tablets, which contain vinca alkaloids, are used after a stroke to treat mental illness. The drug relieves the condition with menopause, reduces pain with migraines, normalizes intracranial pressure, eliminates vestibular disorders, and helps to cope with distraction.
The active component of which is vincamine, the drug is prescribed in the form of intramuscular injections or tablets for hypertension, neuroses, and tachycardia. The drug calms reduces vascular tone.
The herbal remedy is produced in powder form and is used to prepare solutions for injections.
The drug prevents the growth of cancer cells and is used in therapy:
“Vincristine” accumulates in the tissues of the digestive organs and is injected into a vein very slowly. The remedy causes many side effects, such as liver damage and coma.
Periwinkle is present in the well-known drug “Cavinton,” which treats mental and nervous disorders, degenerative changes in the retina, secondary glaucoma, and brain failure.
The drug relieves spasms in the arteries and muscles, relieves headaches, but does not relieve pressure. Periwinkle drug is effective in the treatment of neurocirculatory dystonia, cerebral angiosperm; it does not cause side effects. Vincapan is prescribed for mental retardation, hearing, and motor impairment.
Traditional medicine recipes
Periwinkle medicines were prepared in the Middle Ages, but people long before used plant roots, flowers, and stems to remove:
- internal bleeding.
Herbal remedies in folk medicine are used to lower blood pressure, heal wounds, and improve heart function. Decoctions and tinctures are made from a perennial plant, which helps cure infertility and malaria, bronchitis, and tuberculosis and eliminates dizziness and unpleasant breath. Periwinkle relaxes the intestines, improves oxygen supply to the brain.
Decoction of leaves
To cure eczema, purulent ulcers, get rid of rashes, relieve inflammation in the oral cavity, eliminate gingivitis, boil in a glass of water for 1 minute—a tablespoon of freshly crushed periwinkle leaves.
Decoction of dried herbs
For infertility, female diseases, polyps in the uterus, and prostatitis, a drug are prepared in a decoction of a creeping plant with blue or pink flowers. A tablespoon of dried periwinkle is boiled in 200 ml of water; it is insisted for half an hour; it is drunk three times a day and drank before meals. They use such a remedy for leukemia; the dose is increased to 1/3 cup at a time for bleeding.
To improve the skin’s condition and restore its elasticity, it is recommended to wash with decoctions of the aerial part of the plant.
Stems with leaves and flowers are placed in a 0.5-liter jug to fill a third of the container, then pour vodka. The container is tightly closed and placed in a warm, dark place for nine days. Twice a day, ¼ glass of liquid is mixed with seven drops of strained infusion and consumed orally or washed with acne and boiled.
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To increase potency, treat male impotence, put 5 to 7 g of periwinkle in a glass of water, boil for 5 to 6 minutes and leave for 24 hours in the dark. The tincture is drunk in the morning and the evening, ten drops for four days; after a 2-day break, the treatment with the plant is continued again.
It often happens that drugs cannot cope with purulent wounds, eczema, ulcers, and skin irritation. And people use periwinkle ointment. Nine leaves are pulled from the plant, ground, and melted with oil to prepare it. When the product cools down, filter through cheesecloth and apply to problem areas of the skin Periwinkle ointment cures children of diathesis.
How to collect and acquire
Healing herb grows in the deciduous forests of Moldova and Belarus; in the Caucasus, in the steppes of Ukraine, it is planted in dachas, courtyards, alpine hills. Perennials cannot be plucked, but the leaves and stems must be trimmed with a pruner. When the plants begin to harvest in spring and June, the flowers appear.
The leaves and stems must be properly dried to prevent the periwinkle from losing its beneficial properties. The raw materials are cleaned of dirt and dust, placed on gauze, and left in a place protected from sunlight. When the weather is nice, the grass dries in 7 days.
Periwinkle dries well in an oven or tumble dryer at a temperature no higher than 45-50 degrees. With this harvesting method, the plant does not lose nutrients; for two years, it retains:
The dried herb is placed in a glass jar and kept dry. Through laboratory studies, it has been shown that periwinkle can stop tumor growth, destroying cancer cells. Therefore, herbal remedies are used both in official and alternative medicine.
Contraindications and side effects of periwinkle
Despite many useful properties and a positive result in treating colds, intestinal disorders, neuroses, bleeding, female and male diseases, not only drugs but also tinctures, decoctions of periwinkle, prepared at home, should be used with watch out.
Many of the alkaloids that are abundant in the stems and leaves of the plant are poisonous.
Periwinkle products inside should be taken after consulting a doctor. Even a small overdose can cause an increase or slowdown of the pulse, respiratory failure, loss of consciousness, and cardiac arrest. You cannot use periwinkle for pregnant or nursing a baby. Refusing to use the plant is necessary for people who do not tolerate any of the components that make up periwinkle, as it is fraught with allergies.
Periwinkle plants (Vinca spp.), Also known as Vinca, are evergreen creeping flowering plants that belong to the Apocynaceae family and the Desert Rose vine and Mandevilla.
Numerous species of periwinkle are grown as ornamental houseplants or garden vines. They are popular for their groundcover, bright green foliage, and small fragrant funnel-shaped flowers, each with five petals.
The three most common species of periwinkle plants are:
- Vinca major (large periwinkle)
- Vinca minor (minor periwinkle)
- Catharanthus Rosea
They were previously known as Vinca rosea.
These easy-to-grow flowers and plants are hardy in USDA zones 6-10.
These low-lying herbaceous perennials prefer partial or full sunshade and lots of moisture in the soil, especially during hot, dry weather.
These plants spread quickly and provide a dense carpet of glossy green leaves.
The beautiful oval or heart-shaped leaves grow up to 2 “to 3” inches long.
The leaves grow in pairs along the stem.
Periwinkle plants produce beautiful spring flowers from April to May, which continue to grace gardens throughout the summer.
These fragrant and beautiful flowers tower above the lush leaves and add springtime color to the setting.
Each flower, which grows in various shades, including pink, purple, blue, violet, and lavender, is up to 2″ inches tall and has five striking petals.
Is periwinkle poisonous?
Not all varieties of the 30 Periwinkle plant species are poisonous.
While Vinca’s major and minor rarely show mild toxicity, Catharanthus Rosea is poisonous.
This toxic periwinkle is also famous for its common names, such as:
- Madagascar periwinkle
- Cape periwinkle
- Ammocallis Rosea
- Catharanthine Catharanthus
- Catharanthus roseus
- Pink periwinkle
- Rosa Pervenche
- Old maid
- Lochner Rosea
- Magdalena Myrtle
- Running myrtle
Catharanthus roseus is considered a potentially toxic plant based on exposure and ingestion.
These are equally toxic to humans, cats, dogs, and horses.
This periwinkle plant consists of vinca alkaloids that are sometimes used to make medicine for diabetes and high blood pressure.
It contains alkaloids often used in chemotherapy for the selective poisoning of cancer cells in humans and animals.
Therefore, ingestion of Madagascar periwinkle somehow causes severe poisoning in pets and side effects in humans.
What parts of the periwinkle plant are poisonous?
All parts of the periwinkle are poisonous.
These plants contain many naturally toxic alkaloids that cause poisoning when ingested.
More than 130 chemical compounds found in these plants, such as vincristine and vinblastine, attach to microtubules in cells and impair their ability to divide.
It restricts the development of blood vessels in the body and prevents the production of microtubules.
These alkaloids cause cell death.
Vinca rosea also contains harmful saponins and toxins such as violin, vincamine, Vincadifformin, aquamarine, peridinin, reserpine, and nine
The effects of all these alkaloids are not yet fully understood; however, they are found to be hypotensive, meaning that consuming them would result in abnormally low blood pressure.
What are the symptoms of poisoning?
According to findings from the University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture, ingesting periwinkle plants can cause symptoms depending on the amount consumed.
Symptoms in humans range from mild stomach cramps, heart complications, low blood pressure, and even systematic paralysis and death.
Since periwinkle plants are extremely distasteful, animals generally refrain from consuming them in large quantities.
However, growing periwinkle as a houseplant puts your furry friend at risk.
According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), symptoms of periwinkle poisoning in cats and dogs include depression, incoordination, vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea.
If the poisoning is more severe, your pet may experience seizures, tremors, abnormally low blood pressure, anxiety, and stroke.
While poisoning is not fatal in most cases, it can result in progressive paralysis, coma, and even death in some rare cases.
How to protect yourself while handling the periwinkle plant?
Periwinkle plants are safe to handle and do not hurt when touched; however, wash your hands thoroughly after pruning, cutting, or potting these plants, as toxins may have flowed into your hands.
To avoid accidental consumption, periwinkle plants should not be grown in areas exposed to young children, such as preschool gardens, accessible home gardens, and low containers that hold them as houseplants.
Supervise children if you take them to a park or any other public place that may have periwinkle plants.
Keep these plants out of the reach of pets.
If you notice any symptoms in your cat or dog, check for plant debris around the mouth and bite marks on the plant.
Immediately contact your local poison control or see your vet if your animal shows signs of poisoning.
Is periwinkle poisonous to humans?
Periwinkle is UNSAFE. It can cause side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and other stomach and intestinal symptoms. It can also cause nerve, kidney, and liver damage. Large amounts can cause very low blood pressure.
What is the difference between periwinkle and lavender?
The biggest difference between periwinkle and lavender is that lavender has much less blue than periwinkle. You could only describe lavender as purple but you can describe periwinkle as both purple and blue. What is this? Periwinkle is bluish purple but lavender is purely a pale purple.
Is periwinkle safe to touch?
Periwinkle plants are safe to handle and may not harm when touched; however, wash your hands thoroughly after pruning, cutting, or potting these plants as the toxins might have flowed on your hands.
Is a periwinkle a snail?
periwinkle, in zoology, any small marine snail belonging to the family Littorinidae (class Gastropoda, phylum Mollusca). … The common periwinkle, Littorina littorea, is the largest, most common and widespread of the northern species.
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