Magnolia liliiflora Woody Orchid Lily Plant Care & Growing Guide 2023

Magnolia liliiflora Woody Orchid Lily Plant Care & Growing Guide 2023

Although the lily tree is usually planted as a young or mature tree, it is also possible to grow them from seed. Although it is challenging to buy the seeds, if you already have a tree, pay attention to its exotic fruits and collect its seed coats in early autumn, when they are fresh.

Remove the seeds from red magnolia berries and follow these steps to ensure they germinate: magnolia liliiflora

  1. Let the seeds soak overnight, remove them the next day and remove their outer coating by rubbing them with a rough cloth.
  2. Then, you have to cool the seeds in the fridge for up to three months inside a pot with moist sand.

The seeds are then ready to be planted in pots or directly into the ground. Keep them out of direct sunlight and ensure they are well watered until the shoots emerge. It can take 10-15 years for the lily tree to flower for the first time, so growing it from seed is a long-term project.

If the lily tree’s parent is a hybrid, your new plants may not resemble its parent. Lily tree propagation can also be achieved by layering. If you have a deciduous tree, softwood cuttings can also be taken between spring and summer, while if you have an evergreen, semi-mature wood cuttings can be taken later in the fall.

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Characteristics of the Magnolia liliiflora

The Magnolia is a beautiful tree that can develop heights of more than 25 meters. It is a slow-growing plant that can produce a diameter between 9 and 12 meters. As we can see, it is a tree that can have a large size with perennial foliage; that is, it does not lose much of its leaves at a specific time of year, but there are also shrubby and deciduous varieties.

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The magnolia tree’s foliage is characterized by a bright dark green on the top of the leaf, while its underside is brown, making it a very showy tree. The branches are arranged to form a compact cup with a pyramidal structure when the individual is young, and as it develops, it takes on a rounded shape.

It is a striking ornamental tree not only for its foliage but also for its flowering, which it shows in spring in most cases. These are beautiful and unique flowers of various colors depending on the variety; white, hybrid species that have also been developed that are multicolored give off an exquisite fragrance.

The magnolia flower can have different shapes, among which we can recognize the flowers in the form of a star, bowl, or cuprous. The fruits are bright orange and red berries, which can be seen in autumn; they are a great attraction for birds and other wildlife, which feed and enjoy this Magnolia species.

 Countries worldwide cultivate Magnolia, and the plants are used to landscape community parks and private gardens. Although most varieties of Magnolia are always green, some bush varieties tend to lose their leaves; they are very decorative species, which also stand out for the beauty and fragrantness of their flowers.

 It is recommended as a species that can be planted in houses as an ornamental species because it has been shown that with good pruning, roots are not usually a problem. magnolia liliiflora

Source

Phytopaleontological studies have made it possible to identify that magnolia trees are ancestral; many of the structures identified in the species allow us to recognize that this species has existed on Earth since before the bees since bees have inhabited the planet for a long time. Thirty million years old, the magnolia tree is much older.

This statement is supported by the shape of its flowers, which evolved to be pollinated by more extensive and heavier insects, such as beetles. That is why the flower has robust carpels; let us remember that the carpels are the modified leaves that support the female sexual part of the flowers. There is evidence in fossils of a species of Magnolia, whose analysis by radiocarbon dating indicates more than 20 million years.

Other studies from the mid-21st century point to plants very similar to the Magnoliaceae family, whose dating indicates more than 120 million years. The name of the Magnolia tree was created in honor of Pierre Magnol, a 7th-century French botanist, who described several species of plants and used his surname as inspiration to name the genus. Magnolias come from Asia and America, from regions with tropical climates.

In America, the southern United States is identified as an area of ​​origin of magnolias, especially the Grandiflora species; as its name indicates, the flowers of this species are large and beautiful.

magnolia cultivation

As we pointed out at the beginning, it is a slow-growing species, so the first recommendation is to have a lot of patience if you decide to start a magnolia crop; we can assure you that magnolia cultivation is really rewarding when we observe its results.

There are several ways to grow Magnolia, and depending on the time we are going to invest, we can select it since there are ways to grow Magnolia that give us results in less time, the fastest route being the use of cuttings. For those who do not know, the term cutting is a part of the plant, a stake with buds or reproductive areas.

The layering technique also gives good results in less time; this technique is about bending a plant branch, that is, the aerial part of the magnolia tree, and planting it without separating it from the trunk. This branch is grown to one side, its germination and rooting are helped, and it is cut and transplanted when it germinates.

Another way to achieve a magnolia crop is by using magnolia seeds. As you can imagine, this is the way to grow Magnolia that will take the longest; however, it is gratifying because we can observe the entire process. The cultivation of Magnolia using seeds has a detailed and careful approach to obtain the highest germination percentage; the maximum so far is 50%.

The seeds should begin to germinate in the fall; if you collect them and plan to save them, the seeds should be placed in the refrigerator at temperatures below zero degrees and above minus five degrees. Another essential fact about growing Magnolia using the source is that it must undergo a scarification process to remove the cover that protects it.

After removing the cover, the seeds should be planted approximately 1 centimeter deep; when germinating, we must wait for its roots to be vital to transplant them. And then, we recommend strengthening patience because it may take years to see the results. We can obtain the seeds from the pods of the magnolia plants themselves, and they can also be obtained in nurseries; it is recommended to bring them naturally since the viability of the seeds decreases if they dry out. 

The months for collecting seeds are usually between September and October. Well, now that we know the techniques we can use to start our magnolia crop, it is essential to know the conditions of the substrate that will allow its development. Magnolia trees prefer soils with acidic or neutral pH, with a significant amount of organic material. magnolia liliiflora

It feels more comfortable in full sun, but it is not very tolerant of frost, so we must be strategic about where we will place our magnolia crop since we must protect it from winter frost. Among the most common species used in magnolia cultivation are Magnolia grandiflora, Magnolia Teleflora, and Magnolia Nevada, among others.

One of the main concerns in the cultivation of Magnolia is the pruning process. It may generate anxiety, but we suggest you take it easy, as you can prune your magnolias by removing dry branches and making simple cuts.

It is essential to know that it is not recommended to prune Magnolia before flowering ends, it should be pruned when the flowering period ends and the leaves begin to sprout. We believe that we must emphasize that the acidity of the soil is decisive for the cultivation of Magnolia, becoming an essential factor to maintain and respect so that our tree develops well; another important fact is to protect the root in winter because it is sensitive to freezing during this time of year.

Plantation

It is essential to remember that the magnolia crop will develop better if it is established in an area in full sun; in case you do not have a sunny space, this does not represent a problem if it is slightly shaded. After obtaining the cuttings or the germination of the new plant from the seeds, a space must be selected where it will not find impediments or obstacles for it to develop its height, so special attention must be paid to the cultivation of Magnolia do not choose spaces where they can come across electricity cables, for example.

Also, when planting our Magnolia, we must be sure of the species we are growing since the size and development of its roots depend on it. Another of the characteristics that must be taken into account when planting our Magnolia is the substrate in which it will continue its development; this should preferably be organic soil. However, the cultivation of Magnolia can tolerate natural soils low in nutrients. , but these must be improved with humus and also improve humidity.

Remember that hummus is obtained from decomposing plant material mixed with soil. Another possibility is to plant our magnolia tree in a pot. When it reaches a height that ensures that its development will continue and that we recognize a vigorous plant, we can transplant it to the place we have selected as definitive. 

To do this, we only have to very carefully remove our young magnolia tree with the precaution of not mistreating its roots; we remove some of the Earth and separate its roots a little, allowing them to aerate.

We hydrate them, then place them in the hole that we have already prepared so that it continues to grow and become beautiful magnolia tree. Let’s not forget to be patient to observe its first flowering, but we assure you it is well worth the wait. It would help if you also considered the time of year before planting your Magnolia; planting it in early spring is best. It will allow you to make the most of seasonal changes in your first year of life. magnolia liliiflora

Climate

The cultivation of Magnolia evolves satisfactorily in warm climates, although they can resist the cold well. It is recommended that the cultivation of Magnolia be carried out in areas where the plants are sheltered from strong winds and can protect it from frost, remember that it prefers to grow and live in full sun, but tolerates semi-shade very well. Magnolia cultivation has a wide range of adaptability, but it prefers temperate climates; climatic conditions are a determining factor that can affect the plant’s growth.

There are several varieties of Magnolia which develop different heights; they can grow as trees, or we can cultivate them in such a way that they create as bushes; other species lose their leaves, and others keep them, and just as they vary in these phenotypic characteristics, they are also adapted to particular climates.

Among the species that we can give as an example so that they can recognize the differences marked by the climate, there is the well-known Magnolia grandiflora; this species has problems developing in environments with temperatures below -5 degrees Celsius.

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As we already know, the cultivation of Magnolia has a better development in substrates with acidic pH; therefore, since it is a species that develops in soils with this type of pH, the fertilizer that we must use to complement the nutrients that our cultivation of Magnolia must also be acid. In specialized stores in the field, you can buy fertilizer for acid plants; this is characterized by being a fertilizer with a high content of organic matter.

We must be very attentive to this factor. If the substrate we are going to grow the magnolia tree has a basic pH, this must be corrected and acidified to allow the optimal growth of our plant. Let’s remember to maintain good drainage and add our fertilizer for acid plants no less than once a year, although it is recommended to be three times a year, preferably in autumn, spring and summer.

Magnolia liliiflora Woody Orchid Lily Plant Care & Growing Guide 2023

The fertilizer for the cultivation of Magnolia is rich in macronutrients such as magnesium, nitrogen, and potassium; we should not restrict ourselves to just that; it can also be rich in micronutrients. This fertilizer will give our tree a healthy appearance and abundant flowering.

Irrigation

The magnolia crop must be permanently watered because we must maintain moist soil, always bearing in mind that we cannot generate supersaturation water in the substrate. After all, it is a practice that can make the magnolia crop sick; we cannot ignore that the soil must have good drainage.

When we water frequently, we help the nutrients to be distributed, and the plant can take better advantage of them since it also contributes to developing a solid root system.

One of the techniques that have a good effect in maintaining soil moisture, especially in times of high temperatures or low humidity, is the use of mulching, which can even be prepared by ourselves, keeping part of the branches of pruning, grass or plant material, which we can even mix with a bit of sawdust. magnolia liliiflora

This mulching will help us maintain moisture in the soil, preventing water from evaporating and contributing extra nutrients.

diseases and parasites

The cultivation of Magnolia has been widely accepted in countries with appropriate climates for its development because it is a beautiful species of considerable size, with evergreen leaves and beautiful and fragrant flowers. It is a species considered to be very strong and resistant to many diseases, which is why magnolia cultivation thrives in many parts of the world.

However, despite its natural condition, the Magnolia is not exempt from being attacked by pathogenic organisms or developing diseases if states allow it. When this situation occurs, it usually causes significant damage to the plant. It is essential to know about the conditions our magnolia crop can suffer to act preventively or correctly, if applicable.

One of the most common is known as “Algal leaf spot”; it is a disease that develops in the foliar area of ​​the plant; we can identify it because the healthy leaves of the Magnolia are green and shiny, and this disease It generates a velvety surface, which is reddish-brown on the upper part and as tiny hairs on the lower leg.

We should not be alarmed if we see this in our magnolia tree, it is a not very aggressive disease, and we can quickly correct it with a fungicide because it is a fungus. Removing the leaves and branches close to the tree is advisable to prevent the fungus from spreading and making other magnolia individuals sick.

Another disease is generated by the fungus Nectria cancro, which is also common in magnolia crops; the spores of this fungus can remain dormant in the dead tissue for a long time.

They can be activated in periods of rain and enter through minor wounds in the plant tissue. These wounds can even be generated by us when we do the pruning. This disease produces ringing in the part where it is established, so we can detect the disease, which, when identified, we must eradicate as quickly as possible.

This disease will cause the branch to dry out, so if we have not detected the condition before the department dries out, we should still cut the dry stem and carry out a review. If we recognize the rings, we should prune where we see the rings and at least two centimeters toward where the healthy tissue is to prevent the disease from spreading.

Fungi are one of the organisms that generate the most diseases in magnolia crops; they appear as spots that can take different shapes and colors. These spots can occur on both sides of the leaves of the magnolia tree, they must be treated with a specific chemical product to eliminate fungi, and the leaves that are close to the stem must also be removed to prevent the spread of the disease. magnolia liliiflora

The well-known wood rot is one of the diseases that can cause the most damage to magnolia crops if it is not detected early. It can be identified if we notice the canopy of our magnolia tree wilting. The rot can be established in the internal or external part of the tree’s bark. Requesting the advice of a plant pathology specialist to carry out the appropriate treatment is advisable.

magnolia varieties

Now that we know about this beautiful species, we cannot conclude the article without revealing the varieties of Magnolia since it will help you identify which species will best suit your magnolia cultivation project. At least 120 different species of the genus have been recognized; as we have already pointed out, these can grow as trees or as shrubs; they will develop different heights and different flowering periods and can also be evergreen or deciduous. magnolia liliiflora

Based on these characteristics, they were divided into three large groups: those with evergreen leaves, those with deciduous leaves, those with spring flowering, and those with so-called late flowering. We must start with the most well-known and cultivated species, such as Magnolia grandiflora, an evergreen tree; the name Grandiflora is due precisely to the size of its flowers, which can have a diameter greater than 25 centimeters.

The fragrance of this flower is capable of flooding a large area. Its flowering time is between May to July. The Magnolia Teleflora is a shrub that can reach a little more than 4 meters in height, and it is a deciduous species; that loses its leaves at some point in the year. Large light pink flowers characterize it; they are very aromatic and usually bloom in spring; they develop in semi-sunny places.

The Magnolia soulangeana is becoming, in, recent times, a highly sought-after plant for cultivation, just as the Teleflora prefers places where the sun does not bathe it directly. Still, soulangeana reaches heights of up to 6 meters, its leaves are deciduous, and its large white flowers with a pinkish hue at the base are very fragrant.

Another of the favorites of the magnolia genus is the Magnolia denudata, and it is a deciduous tree it develops heights of approximately 15 meters, its crown is more rounded, and it is dressed in beautiful white flowers; it can tolerate the sun to sky open. Another species is the Magnolia sieboldii

This species is a shrub that grows between 4 and 6 meters. Its leaves are always green, and although its flowers are not so large, they are beautiful, fragrant, and white. Are shown beginning in the summer. magnolia liliiflora

To conclude by naming the most popular species in magnolia cultivation, we cannot stop talking about Magnolia stellata; it is one of the most miniature shrubs; it only grows up to 3 meters in height, its leaves are deciduous, and its showy white flowers and aromatic turn out to be beautiful, we can have it ideally in a pot in a semi-shaded place and enjoy its beauty. magnolia liliiflora

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