Learn how to grow the Dracaena at home An off-road houseplant 2022

Learn how to grow the dracena at home An off-road houseplant 2022

If you are looking for a very resistant plant to grow indoors, the DracaenaDracaena is one of the most interesting alternatives you can find. It has a beautiful and decorative bearing and ribbon-shaped leaves that can be completely green or tinged with white or yellow tones.

Discover the dracaena’s care needs, and you will have it spectacular.

With a tropical soul

The Dracaena (Dracaena spp) is a plant native to the tropical areas of Africa and Asia, hot and humid. Although it is a slow-growing species, it can develop quite a lot depending on the variety, reaching up to 15 meters in height. However, inside houses, it does not usually exceed three meters maximum.

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The Dracaena spp includes more than 40 species of different. 

Clean air at home

One of the qualities of the DracaenaDracaena is its great ease of cultivation since it hardly requires care to be splendid. It is also a very long-lived plant that can live for many years.

On the other hand, the DracaenaDracaena (especially the Dracaena Marginata variety ) is a plant capable of purifying the air in your home since it absorbs toxic components such as benzene and formaldehyde, among others, from the environment.

A wide variety to choose from

There are numerous species within the botanical universe of Dracaena spp with differences in appearance, shape, and size. Some of the most prominent are the following:

– Dracaena Marginata: a variety native to Madagascar that is the most appropriate for purifying the air in your home.

Dracaena Deremensis is a small DracaenaDracaena, which does not usually exceed 1.5 m in height. It comes from East Africa and has beautiful green leaves with white streaks.

– Dracaena draco: this plant native to the Canary Islands can live for many years and reaches large dimensions.

– Dracaena Fragrans: it is also known as the Brazilian trunk. It has leaves of a very intense green colour with yellow streaks. It is a very easy plant to reproduce by cutting. When it is grown in a pot indoors, it is quite rare for it to flower, but if it does, it will display beautiful, highly perfumed flowers.

A warm environment

The DracaenaDracaena is a plant of tropical origin, which finds its perfect habitat in hot and humid environments, so you should find a location protected from the cold at home.

The ideal temperature for DracaenaDracaena is around 25 ° C. Still; it will grow well at 21 ° C, which are the perfect grades for an interior. Below 15ºC, the plant suffers, loses its leaves and stops growing.

If you live in a place with a temperate climate, the DracaenaDracaena can be outside all year long, as long as it is safe from wind and drafts.

Proper watering

Although the DracaenaDracaena is a plant that loves humidity, it does not support flooding, so we must be careful when watering it so as not to overdo it with the amount of water.

Among the care you have to give it in spring and summer, it will need you to water it more often and even pulverize its leaves. During the autumn and winter months, watering should be moderated, making sure that the soil in the pot does not dry out.

If you don’t water your DracaenaDracaena properly despite these recommendations, its sheets will tell you what mistake you are making. Do they fall off or yellow? Are signs of rot beginning to appear? It is surely due to an excess of watering. Do they have brown or whitish spots? It may be due to lack of water and too much sun.

Energy for your DracaenaDracaena

When choosing the substrate for your DracaenaDracaena, it is best to choose a mixture of peat, garden soil and sand. It is important that the pot has good drainage and is fertilized to revitalize it when it needs it.

The subscriber houseplants is a task of gardening you can not forget. In the case of the DracaenaDracaena, it is advisable to fertilize it every two weeks during spring and summer with a specific product. In autumn, reduce the fertilizer to once a month and suspend it during winter.

Light yes, but with filters

Although the ideal location for your DracaenaDracaena is a place with natural light, it is not too demanding about it and can grow well in shady environments.

It does not tolerate the direct rays of the sun. If it’s near a window, make sure there is a shade or screen to shade the light. And you take it out to the garden or terrace, put it in a shady place.

Could you protect it from pests?

Of all the bugs and pests that lurk in indoor plants, some can be especially dangerous to the DracaenaDracaena, such as the spider mite or the mealybug. The latter can greatly weaken the plant, so it is important to be alert.

The spider mite manifests itself by leaving small cobwebs on the leaves, which usually acquire a yellowish colour. If you discover these signs in your dragonfly, you should remove the insects with a cotton swab soaked in alcohol and give your plant the appropriate treatment.

You can use an ecological insecticide to eliminate this pest (several types are based on sulfur or vegetable oils).

Pruning to control the size

The way to influence the growth of our DracaenaDracaena is through pruning. It is cutting its stems when necessary helps us control the height of the plant so that it does not grow excessively.

To prune the DracaenaDracaena, something that is easy is to cut the stems (which can become cuttings if you want to reproduce the plant). Where the cut is practised, buds will emerge from which the new shoots will come out.

The dracaena is one of the best adapted to growing indoors. It grows equally near a window with a lot of light as in the less illuminated corners of the house.

We tell you the keys to maintaining this plant native to tropical Africa: how much is watered, how to prune it, reproduce it. Do not miss its curiosities!


  • General characteristics:
  • Description
  • Light
  • Irrigation
  • Temperature
  • Attention to the leaves
  • Pruning of the dracaena marginata
  • Plagues and diseases

General characteristics:

  • Common name: Dracena marginata
  • Scientific name: Dracaena marginata
  • Family: Liliaceae
  • Origin: Tropical areas of Africa
  • Location: Interior
  • Light: Luminous
  • Irrigation: Little, only when the soil is dry
  • Fertilizer: For green plants once a month with the irrigation water


The dracaena is a plant native to tropical Africa and has proven to be one of the best adapted to growing indoors.

It is a plant with fine foliage. Depending on the variety, the leaves are nuanced in different colours. It loses the lower leaves as it grows, leaving bare a thin stem that usually arches, creating very decorative effects.

Its easy cultivation, colour, fine foliage and bearing make this dracaena a truly decorative plant that is perfect for interior decoration. In addition, according to a NASA study, it is one of the plants that are among the best to clean the air in the home.


The dracaena withstands practically all light conditions. It grows equally near a window with a lot of light or in the less illuminated corners of our homes.


The secret of this plant is not to water it excessively since it does not need a lot of water.

If the soil is always moist, the plant accumulates excessive water in its roots, they drown and end up rotting. As a result, the plant begins to lose leaves, and the trunk can rot.

Therefore, one of those plants must be watered when we observe that the earth has dried up.

How to recover a dracaena marginata whose trunk has dried up?

Only then we will water it copiously until all the soil in the pot is moistened. No watering until all the soil dries up again.


Another factor to consider for proper maintenance is that the dracaena does not withstand low temperatures. Below 14 ºC, the plant suffers. Its optimal development is achieved with temperatures between 22 and 26 ºC.

Attention to the leaves

  • Dry leaf tips: they are due to very dry environments. You have to spray the plant with warm water.
  • Yellowing and loss of lower leaves: this is normal. It is part of the growth rate of the drains; older leaves turn yellow and fall off.
  • Loss of leaves and no growth: This occurs when the plant has suffered from cold, which is considered below 14 ºC.
  • Loss of leaves curling down with yellow and brown edges and spots: This situation occurs when the plant has been subjected to an excess of heat and a lack of water, which has ended up dehydrating the plant and scorching it.

Pruning of the dracaena marginata

1. Root pruning

When you grow plants in containers, it is normal that their roots, after a few years, end up saturating the volume offered by the container. In these cases, it is convenient to carry out root pruning.

You could also increase the container’s size, but this time, we show you the step by step to reduce the root ball and clean the entire base of the dracaena marginata.

STEP BY STEP: Pruning the roots of the dracaena marginata

Dead roots must be removed very carefully to make room for the new ones to grow and restore all their vigour to the plant.

As some damage is caused to the roots during this process, a stimulator must be incorporated for their growth. This product is very useful whenever we transplant and alter the root ball.

2. Pruning the stems

The dracaena, although it is slow-growing, can reach 5 meters. Therefore, it is possible that, if your variety is very well cared for, it will touch the roof of your house.

You can prune their stems to reduce their height or volume and thus get new plants through the stem cuttings.

How is the dracaena marginata pruned?

The pruning process is very simple. A simple incision is made in the stems removing the excess from the upper part. Where you cut, some buds will emerge that will be the carriers of new shoots.

Plagues and diseases

The dracaena is usually attacked by mealybugs and red spiders that deteriorate the beauty of the plant and its health, so it is necessary to prevent their appearance.

A good method is to regularly spray the plant’s foliage with warm water, as these parasites thrive in dry environments.

Learn more about these two common plant pests and how to deal with them:

Cochineal: what is it and how to fight it?

This pest attaches itself to the plant creating a white film around the leaves and stems. To eliminate it, synthetic products with a certain danger were used before. Iñigo shows you the two systems he currently uses.

Red spider: what is it and how to fight it?

This mite causes defoliation or falling of the leaves as they feed on the plant sap. To end it, you can choose natural predators such as Amblyseius californicus or chemical treatments. We will show them to you!

Another detail that may interest you is that this plant is toxic for pets so, if you have any animals in your home, it may not be the most suitable. It contains a chemical compound called saponin that is toxic to dogs and cats.

If you are interested in learning more about this rustic plant, you will love discovering some of its varieties. We show you five perfect options for your home.

Is Dracena a good indoor plant?

Since it cannot tolerate low light but is not frost hardy, it is often grown indoors. They make excellent houseplants because they are drought tolerant and among the more forgiving dracaena plants.

How do you take care of a dracaena plant?

Your Dracaena Tarzan will do best in medium to bright indirect sunlight, but can tolerate low light. Overwatering causes root rot and is the main reason a Dracaena plant dies. Water your Dracaena well and allow the top 75% of the soil to dry before watering again. Water thoroughly and discard any excess water.

How often should I water my dracaena?

Dracaena trees prefer the soil to dry between waterings, but not completely through the pot. Typically, watering every 10-14 days will keep the soil with a nice even level of moisture.

How long do Dracaena plants live?

These are slow grower’s that can take about 10 years to reach over 5ft tall but look lush once they reach about a foot high. They have a very similar look like palm tree plants.


Poisonous for pets:Toxic to cats and dogs.

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