9 How to Plant, Grow, Care for Gladiolus Flowers 2022

9 How to Plant, Grow, Care for Gladiolus Flowers 2022

Gladiolus is a genus of perennial cormous flowering plants in the iris family. It is sometimes called the ‘sword lily’, but is usually called by its generic name. The genus occurs in Asia, Mediterranean Europe, South Africa, and tropical Africa. The center of diversity is in the Cape Floristic Region.

  • Height: 2 to 4 feet tall
  • Family: Iridaceae
  • Order: Asparagales
  • Genus: Gladiolus; L.
  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Tribe: Gladioleae
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Can I grow gladioli in a container: how to care for gladiolus bulbs in pots?

Gladioli are beautiful plants, grown from bulbs or bulbs, and a favorite of many gardeners. They are perennials with showy flowers and tall, long stems growing from 2 to 6 ft. 0.5 to 2 m. Tall. Due to its height, many people often wonder if it is possible to have a gladiolus container garden.

1. Can I grow gladioli in a container?

If you are one of those interested in planting gladioli in a container and you want to know if this is possible, the resounding answer would be yes. Placing gladiolus bulbs in pots is a good idea for limited garden space. All you need is to provide adequate growing and drainage conditions.

2. Growing gladioli in pots

If you want grow gladiolus bulbs in pots, you will first need to choose a variety of cheerful types that you would like to plant. Growing smaller plants works best in a container because they are shorter and have less chance of breaking than larger varieties. If you choose a larger variety, you will have to stake it as support.

You will need a container that has drainage holes. Otherwise, your feet will be wet, and they won’t grow as well. The bulbs will be more susceptible to rot.

The pot should be at least 12 inches 30.5 cm deep and 12 inches 30.5 cm in diameter. The container should be deep enough for the bulb and have enough good-quality soil to cover the bulb. The bulbs should have 2 inches 5 cm of soil under them.

Add some gravel to the bottom of the container to ensure water drainage. Gladioli cannot settle in flooded soil. Again, if this happens, the bulb will rot.

Plant the bulbs 7.5 to 15 cm 3 to 6 inches deep and 5 to 7.5 cm 2 to 3 inches apart with the flat side down. Many growers plant gladioli at two-week intervals for continuous blooms. Once your bulbs are planted, water them generously. Soak the soil so that it settles around the bulb.

3. Caring for a gladiolus container garden

Water the plants periodically. Better to provide a good weekly soak than to water them two or three times a week lightly. The roots and stems will appear shortly after the first watering.

Once your flowers have started to bloom, you can leave them on the plant or cut them to make an eye-catching flower arrangement. If you choose to leave the flower on the plant, cut off the dead head to ensure continued growth. When the flowers stop blooming, do not cut the foliage. The leaves continue to produce food stored in the bulb for next year’s flower season.

After the flowers have faded, water the bulbs regularly, the leaves will turn yellow and brown and eventually dry out. When this happens, empty the pot. Recover the bulbs and allow the soil that clings to them to dry out. Remove dead foliage, brush the ground dry, and store the bulbs in a cool, dry place. They will be ready for next year.

9 How to Plant, Grow, Care for Gladiolus Flowers 2022

4. How to plant and grow gladioli

In the garden, for the family’s consumption, we grow fruitsberriesvegetableslegumes, tubers, and vegetables; in addition, we take advantage of the tilled land also to grow ornamental gourdsvegetable sponges, and various kinds of flowers, such as gladioli.

Gladioli in the garden

5. The plants

Gladioli are herbaceous plants of the Iridáceae family that develop from an underground stem called a corm.

They are native to the Mediterranean basin and southern Africa. There are wild varieties, but the species cultivated and marketed as cut flowers are hybrids with different sizes and colors.

  • Gladioli reproduce by both tubers and seeds.
  • Cultivated gladioli
  • In a plant, we distinguish these parts:

Corm. It is an underground tuber, originated by a thickening of the stem, with a solid, thick structure, a rounded / flattened shape, and is covered by scales or tunics, which are the rest of the leaves. It is loaded with reserve substances, especially starch. It has a main vegetative bud and other secondary ones located laterally.

  • The corm is renewed every year, and a new one emerges over the old one with one or more auxiliary buds.
  • Root. They are fasciculated and arise from the corm.
  • Gladiolus leaves

Leaves. They all arise from the base, and their number is variable, between 1 and 10. The lower ones are reduced to sheaths, the upper ones are lanceolate and are covered with a waxy cuticle.

Gladiolus flower stems

Floral stem. It is the extension of the corm and can reach up to one and a half meters in height. It develops a floral inflorescence where up to twenty flowers appear arranged in a spike shape. The flowers are bisexual, with three stamens and a pistol in each flower. They lack a peduncle (sessile). A bract and a bractéole surround each; the corolla is bilaterally symmetrical and tubular, with six slightly unequal lobes. Cut gladioli

6. Culture

More than twenty years ago, they gave their grandfather some corms of gladioli (he calls them garlic). They are hybrid plants with striking purple-red flowers that reproduce successfully every year in the garden.


Once a small marginal and very sunny area of ​​the garden has been carved and furrowed, which changes every year, he sows about fifty plants of gladioli. With the corms selected from the previous year, make three staggered plantings, from mid-May to mid-June.

With the help of a blow of the hoe, he buries the garlic at the top of a furrow; the next, he sows it about 20 cm from the previous one. The sowing is quite deep, between 15 and 20 cm, to get a good anchorage and prevent the flower stems from falling when they grow. Each plant is placed by a tutor or rod, and if several stems have emerged, the weaker ones are pulled out with their hands, leaving only one, the strongest per plant.

9 How to Plant, Grow, Care for Gladiolus Flowers 2022
9 How to Plant, Grow, Care for Gladiolus Flowers 2022

7. Gladiolus

Weeds must eliminate, we do it manually with the help of the hoe, and they are watered by flooding every seven days in summer.

Although, as we have already told you, we tend not to introduce commercial seeds, we have also sowed other hybrid gladioli of spectacular colors for two years. We grow them separately from the others and have already successfully reproduced them.

Gladiolus flower stems emerge 4-6 weeks after planting. We cut them when they have between four and eight flowers open; the rest will open gradually if we place them in a vase with water. Gladiolus bouquet

Although we do not collect the flowers, it is convenient that we cut all the flower stems. Thus we favor the accumulation of nutritional substances in the corms, and we will ensure their flowering in the next planting.

8. During July, August, and September, it is rare that fresh gladiolus flowers are missing at home. Reproduction

They reproduce by seeds to obtain new cultivars, but it is usual to reproduce them vegetatively by corms.

In winter, the aerial part of the plants, the remains of the stem, and leaves dry up. We remove them by hand and with the help of a hoe we extract all the corms.

We despise the smallest ones and put the rest to dry directly in the sun, but if it is not possible, we spread them on pita sacks indoors.

Once dry, we shake them well to remove the adhering soil, without wetting them, and we place them on a wooden tray, in the box, where the temperature is cool, and with few variations, the environment is dry, with good ventilation and darkness. We store them there until sowing the following year.

We must separate the different varieties so as not to mix them. If we have doubts, we can eliminate the outer leaves that cover the corms, and we will see that they are of different colors.

9. Curiosities

The word “gladiolus” is a diminutive of “gladius,” which is the Latin term for the sword. It refers to the shape of the leaves of these plants. In ancient Rome, they were given to gladiators to recognize their victory. Today it is one of the most cultivated plants for cut flower marketing.

If we leave the garlic in the ground without extracting it until the following spring, many plants will come out, together with little vigor and small. Most do not bloom. That is why it is advisable to pluck them and cultivate them every year.

Bulb Flowering Plants

  • Irises
  • Dahlia
  • Hyacinth
  • Crocus
  • Daffodil
  • Freesia
  • Lily of the valley
9 How to Plant, Grow, Care for Gladiolus Flowers 2022
9 How to Plant, Grow, Care for Gladiolus Flowers 2022

Do gladiolus come back every year?

Gladioli grow from corms, which are underground storage organs much like bulbs. … Gladiolus come in a riot of colors and will re-bloom every year. Northern gardeners will need to lift the corms in fall and store them through the cold season to protect the gladiolus from freezing temperatures

Where is the best place to plant gladiolus?
full sun

Light: Gladiolus grow and flower best in full sun. Gladiolus corms will flower in part shade, but the colors will not be as vivid as when planted in full sun, and the plant won’t grow quite as well. Soil: Gladiolus like well-drained, sandy loam soil. The corms will rot if the soil is too heavy and wet.

What does the gladiolus symbolize?

Gladioli express strength of character, remembrance, faithfulness, and moral integrity. The gladiolus, hence its name, is also meant to pierce the heart of the recipient, conveying infatuation. Additional meaning can be conveyed through color choice, using the standard symbolism of flower color from the Victorian era.

Are gladiolus easy to grow?

Prized for their majestic flower spikes, Gladiolus (Sword-Lilies) are popular summer-flowering bulbs. Whether used in borders, containers or as cut flowers, they always provide a spectacular effect with their rich and cheerful colors and their breathtaking vertical lines. And they are so easy to grow!

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