How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Sedum SUCCULENT MANY FORMS 2022
Sedum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Crassulaceae, members of which are commonly known as stonecrops. The genus has been described as containing up to 600 species, subsequently reduced to 400–500.
- Family: Crassulaceae
- Genus: Sedum; L.
- Order: Saxifragales
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Tribe: Sedeae
In this new blog article, we will teach you everything you need to know about one of the most used succulent plants in interior decoration, the sedum.
Like its “sisters”, this succulent species stores water (for irrigation and rain) in its fleshy leaves to feed on it and flourish properly.
Sedum does not need great care, so it is considered the perfect plant for those who are just starting in the world gardening.
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Do you want to know everything about her?
If so, we recommend that you continue reading. Next, we will teach you how it should be grown, what care it needs or what type of pest and disease can damage it.
Let’s get on with it!
What is sedum?
Scientific name Sedum praealtum
Common name Sedum
Distribution Temperate and cold regions of the two hemispheres
The sedum, scientifically known as Sedum Praeltum, is a succulent native to Mexico. Currently, this vegetation is distribute in both hemispheres, both in temperate zones and in cold regions.
It is a highly developed succulent that grows beyond one meter in height—low maintenance and effortless care, resistant and very durable.
Sedum leaves are evergreen, meaning they remain green throughout the year, even in autumn, when the foliage of the plants dries up and falls off.
As a good representative of succulent plants, this species has fleshy leaves that store the water, nutrients it needs to grow and flourish. They are whole, flat or cylindrical.
Do you have flowers?
Yes, sedum blooms in winter and spring. Its inflorescences are generally close, with hermaphroditic flowers, white, yellow or pink petals and fleshy sepals.
Types of sedums: five major classes
Within this genus of plants, there is a great variety of species that are very different from each other. All of them are perfect for beginners in gardening, as they do not need much care.
In addition, aesthetically, they are very showy.
Next, we will show you the five great classes of sedum. You will learn the most important characteristics that will surely inspire you when decorating your home.
Sedum of Mexican origin, ideal for potting
Small, with a creeping demeanour (up to 20 cm high). Its leaves are cylindrical and fleshy, light green but reddish. It is its most prominent feature.
It blooms in spring, and its flowers are yellow.
It must be located in full sun, although it is true that it tolerates semi-shaded locations. You should know that if it is not placed in a place bathed in the sun, its leaves will not have that beautiful reddish colour.
Regular watering in summer, soil mixture (sand, leaf mulch and garden soil) and without the need for pruning.
Sedum reflexum, commonly known as Cat’s Claw, is a wild plant with ornamental importance. It is one of the smallest plants of this genus, as it grows up to 30 cm in height (approximately).
Its leaves, unlike other sedums, are very narrow. They have a grey-green hue and are less coarse than the others (due to their size).
It blooms in May and develops tiny yellow flowers.
This sedum is fast growing and capable of filling space in no time. Therefore, it is recommended to grow each plant safely from the others.
It resists frost well, salinity; it can develop in poor or stony soils. It is, therefore, a rustic and very resistant species.
The Sedum Morganianum, or burrito, has an erect bearing that becomes pendant as the years go by. It develops stems of approximately 40 cm in length.
Like the other plants of this genus, its leaves are succulent, as they store the water and nutrients it needs to survive. Spear-shaped, they grow close together and have a kind of bluish-green beauty.
It blooms in late spring, and the flowers are red or pink.
The sedum Morganianum is used in interior or exterior decoration, so it is usually planted in pots or hanging planters.
Place it in semi-shade (it tolerates full sun but prefers shady areas), use soil that drains water well, and water it regularly in spring and summer.
Sedum of European origin (spontaneous from the Iberian Peninsula), commonly known as Pampajaritos or Pan de coco. Small in bearing, with creeping stems at the base and erect at the top.
It usually grows to 20 or 30 cm in height.
Its leaves are small, fleshy and with an almost flattened upper face. It blooms in spring and develops small star-shaped flowers with five bright yellow petals.
Sedum is perfect for permanent walls or gardens.
Sedum is characterized by its hanging port and its large size. This species included in the genus that we bring you today stands out for the elegance of its stem stems that can measure more than a meter in length.
Evergreen foliage and succulent leaves store the water and nutrients it needs to grow and flourish—Blue-gray in colour, round and with a reddish jagged edge.
It blooms in autumn, and its pink, starry flowers grow in terminal corymbs.
This type of sedum is perfect for planting in hanging pots indoors and outdoors.
Sedum cultivation can be done by cuttings or by seeds.
- Multiplication by cutting: the best season is between May and June. We will cut the stems by about 10 cm and discard the lower leaves. We will let the cutting dry for a week to heal, and then we will plant the cutting in compost made up of sand and peat. We will keep the substrate moist and place the pot in an area with mild temperatures (around 15⁰C). In case of doubt, in one of our previous articles, you can consult on making cuttings.
- Multiplication by seeds: this will be done in January and March, distributing two parts of fine sand and a <of the substrate, leaving 2 cm between the edge of the pot and the ground. With a sprayer, wet the soil and cover the container with plastic wrap to prevent it from drying out. Remove the film every day to check the humidity level. We will place the container in an area at 15 ⁰C. When it germinates, we will carry out the transplant very carefully.
Although sedum is a very hardy and rustic minimal maintenance plant, it doesn’t hurt to pamper it every week. You can achieve spectacular growth and a very beautiful bloom in just a few minutes.
In general, all the species that make up this genus of succulents will need a full-light location (during all seasons of the year). In addition, temperatures should be mild, as it does not tolerate cold.
Moderate watering only when the substrate is dry.
Like most plants that we have analyzed in this blog, sedum does not tolerate water stagnations, so we recommend that before adding water, make sure that it needs it.
It should be transplanted periodically when the roots have already occupied all the available space or if they have changed colour. To do this, cut the roots in bad condition and use a mixture of compost and perlite.
Once transplanted, wait a week to water it.
The fertilizer should do with a liquid fertilizer diluted in the irrigation water every four weeks. If you have doubts, we strongly recommend going to a specialized garden centre for advice.
Better do nothing than to do it wrong.
Sedum pests and diseases
Sedum, being a succulent plant, is not usually attacked by pests. If a pest attacks it, it is the mealybug, which feeds on its sap and damages its leaves.
It can be affected by various diseases related to a bad crop. The most common is root rot due to excess water or wilting of the leaves due to cold drafts.
SEDUM (Sedum palmeri) An all-terrain plant
There is a lot of information on the net about this small plant with fleshy leaves and golden flowers. I will be able to say little new about it, but I want to dedicate an entry to it since it occupies a lot of space in our garden and is one of the plants I adore.
Sedum is a genus belonging to the Crassulaceae family whose fundamental characteristic is to have thick leaves where they store their reserves. In some treatizes, these plants are also called succulents.
There are many species of Sedum, but today I will talk about Sedum Palmeri.
It is a covering or covering plant of very low height (between 10 and 20 cm), typical of temperate and cold regions of the Northern Hemisphere.
Most succumbs succumb to light frosts, but Sedum Palmeri withstands temperatures down to minus 9 ° C.
It is evergreen, so it is green all year round.
Its stems are short, thin, fragile and develop in contact with the earth; some fine and short roots spread and cover the ground. If the plant grows on walls, the stems become longer and hanging.
Its leaves are greyish green, flattened and arranged in rosettes. With the cold, the leaves acquire very striking purple colours.
Its bright yellow flowers are grouped in cymes. They resemble a 5-pointed star with long, showy stamen in the centre. They appear during winter and early spring.
WHAT DO YOU LIKE
- Especially the sun and light. With that condition, they flourish profusely.
- They adapt to semi-shade and even shade if they have light but hardly flower. In the shade and low light, It grows lanky and discoloured.
- They need soil that drains very well. It does not tolerate waterlogging. It prefers to pass some thirst than abundant watering.
HOW TO PLAY THEM
They take root very easily. The best way to reproduce them is to gently pull on a rosette and break it off or cut it from the mother plant along with its stem and some rootlets.
This operation can be done almost at any time of the year, although spring or autumn is ideal.
They are adapted to growing in pots, to poor and calcareous soils, to dry slopes, to cracks between walls or rocks.
They are so easy to maintain that they do not require any care: no fertilizer, no watering, no pruning, perhaps a little cleaning over time, eliminating the oldest ones and leaving the young suckers.
THE PALMERI SEDUM IN THE GARDEN
- They are rockery plants par excellence.
- Ideal for covering dry and stony places where any other would not resist
- Good for roadsides and trails.
- Very suitable for covering stone walls
- They cover the soil in a way that prevents the growth of weeds.
- Although they cover the soil completely, they hardly consume any nutrients, and their roots are so small and shallow that They do not invade or disturb other plants, which is why they serve to protect other plants and trees that require it from excessive sun and drought.
They are always beautiful, both in bloom and without flowers.
Do sedums like sun or shade?
Is sedum a perennial or annual?
Where is the best place to plant sedum?
Light: Sedum (or ‘stone crop flower’) do best in full to part sun. While taller hybrids need full sun to flower their best, creeping types will grow fine in part shade. Soil: Sedums like a very well-drained soil with a neutral to slightly alkaline pH.
Will sedum come back every year?
Sedum plants have succulent leaves that range from tiny needles to larger and fleshy, from gray to green to purple to blue, and even variegated! Butterflies & bees love them. And best yet, they are perennials so they come back year after year.
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How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Sedum SUCCULENT MANY FORMS 2022