13 How to Growing Lavender Plant Planting & Care, Grow Guide 2022
Lavandula is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. It is native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, southwest Asia to India.
- Scientific name: Lavandula
- Family: Lamiaceae
- Subfamily: Nepetoideae
- Order: Lamiales
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Tribe: Ocimeae
How to care for lavender?
Lavender is a perennial shrub in the Lamiaceae family that contains about 60 different species. People often associate lavender with two specific traits: its scent and purple color. Lavender is generally associated with the color purple or bluish violet. However, the flowers can also be white, blue, or pink.
Lavender tends to grow in sunny, rocky areas and is native to the mountains of the Mediterranean region, although today, it also grows in North America and Australia. Its name derives from the Latin root lavare, which means “to wash,” The first recorded use of lavender dates back to ancient Egypt, where lavender oil played an important role in the mummification process.
- Attracts pollinators and great for drying & crafts
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- Plant in full sun for the best yields
- Plant after last spring frost
- Proper name: Lavandula x intermedia 'Provence' -...
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- Grown in WA State - Deer Resistant - Attract...
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- Joyful Perennial; Lavender is a perennial and once...
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- Deer resistant
- Attracts pollinators
- Bloom summer-fall
- Grow up over two feet tall
- Planting Zones 5-9
- THE TOUGHEST LAVENDER: 'Phenomenal' Lavender...
- CALMING FRAGRANCE: Lavender intoxicates with...
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- Two very nice, good sized plants, each 4"-7" tall...
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- True English Lavender noted for its long lasting...
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- Lavender holds its scent even after drying,...
- 1. 95-100% germination rate PLANT HEIGHT: 18 - 24"
- 2. Their purple flowers are also my favorite. They...
- 3. It is very beautiful! The blue-purple...
- 4. Plant lavender in the balcony and yard, because...
- 5. The planted lavender can also be used to make...
- Elegant flower presentation and fragrance atop...
- Light exposure: sun. Hardiness zones 4-8.
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Since ancient times, lavender has been used to treat different diseases such as anxiety, insomnia, headaches, acne, nausea, or toothache. Currently, lavender is commonly used in aromatherapy. The fragrance of lavender essential oils is associated with helping relax and reduce stress and anxiety.
In the following article, you will learn how to care for lavender and tricks to make it grow healthy and strong.
1. Substrate for lavender
Whether you live in a hot, dry climate or a cold, coastal region, lavender requires the same care, proper soil, and a sunny location. Lavender plants need direct sun for at least 6 hours a day.
Lavender, like rosemary, requires an alkaline (that is, high pH) and a well-draining substrate for most varieties. If the substrate is acidic, you can add some alkaline substance like lime to raise the pH; about a handful of lime per square meter in early spring should be enough to increase the pH.
To ensure good drainage, you can mix equal parts of soil with river sand. The soils that do not drain enough generate very humid lands. Lavender does not tolerate humidity well, especially in winter, where it can have a very bad effect on the plant with frost, in which the water will freeze and damage the roots.
2. Where to put lavender?
Lavender grows well in direct sun and with good air circulation; therefore, when caring for lavender, you should look for a sunny place or one in the sun for most of the day. In very dry areas or with high temperatures, it is recommended that it is sheltered from the direct sun in the afternoon, although with a lot of light. Avoid planting it under large trees that steal the direct sun from the plant throughout the day as it won’t grow if it doesn’t get enough sun.
This plant can withstand heavy rain, but the soil has to be porous enough to drain well and dry quickly. It is why there must be air circulation between plants. When choosing where to plant lavender, you should consider the size and shape of the adult plant since the crowding of plants prevents air circulation between them.
Lavender is usually planted in groups of three in a small triangle, leaving at least half a meter between plants for the larger varieties. If you think of using lavender as a hedge, for example, to cover the edge of a path or driveway, the plants should plant at least 12 inches apart for medium plant varieties.
3. How to plant lavender in the garden
To plant lavender in the garden, you must follow the following steps:
- Find a location with direct sun conditions and enough space for the adult lavender to grow.
- Dig deep enough deep and add a layer of bone meal mixed with a suitable substrate. Remember that the right substrate will have a high pH, around 7, and will drain well, for example, a mixture of soil and river sand.
- Fill the hole with water and let it drain.
- Place the plant in the hole at a depth such that it protrudes the same as in the pot you purchased it.
- Cover the hole with the substrate and press well to allow the soil to settle.
- In dry conditions, water the soil around the plant without waterlogging it.
- Check the plant in the first weeks, especially if the weather is dry.
4. Lavender planted in pots.
Potted lavender is a common practice, and there is no problem in growing lavender in pots without problems as long as its needs are respected. To plant lavender in a pot, you should take into account the following points:
- Use a large pot about 12 to 15 inches in diameter.
- The pot should have good drainage holes. If you do not have them, you will have to do them yourself.
- Place coarse gravel at the bottom of the pot to help drain the water.
- Clay or terracotta pots are the most recommended due to the material’s porosity that prevents water from stagnating.
- You should use a soluble fertilizer reduced to 1/3 of the strength indicated by the manufacturer or fertilizer in granules of slow-release.
- Short plants are great for growing in pots, but watch out for the Stoechas and Rosemary varieties that contain vigorous, fibrous roots. These species require transplants once a year.
5. Watering the lavender
Lavender is an easy plant to care for when it comes to watering. In extensive plantations, lavender can withstand the absence of water and withstand the rainy season as long as 300ml per year. It will only require watering when the cuttings are planted, and during the time the roots are forming.
If lavender is watered moderately during the growing months, the plant will double the size of those that grow dry. The most suitable irrigation for these plants is drip irrigation, and sprinkler irrigation should always be ruled out since the plant can develop fungi and diseases.
The plant withstands abundant rains as long as the soil drains well and the area does not get flooded.
Potted lavender will need regular watering once a week or every 10 days, especially in the warmer season. In the time of inactivity, you can space the waterings more.
6. Should I fertilize the lavender?
Lavender requires little external fertilization, although some nutrients will promote flowering. You can compost a little potash around the base of the plants, which will encourage blooming and enhance flower color. Avoid organic fertilizers such as manure or feed with a high nitrogen concentration. These components will make your lavender grow weak and with open stems.
Fertilizing the plant Improperly will stimulate the growth of too many leaves and make the flowers less fragrant. Interestingly, a not too fertilized soil stimulates the concentration of essential oils in the plant and results in more fragrant flowers.
It is only advisable to add some fertilizer on lavender planted in pots or very bad soils. Whenever you use fertilizer, use it at a third of the strength recommended by the manufacturer.
7. How to prune lavender?
Lavender pruning should not be confused with lavender flower harvesting. When caring for lavender, you will want to maintain a proper shape in the bush, especially if you grow it as a hedge to decorate a path; this will be achieved with the proper pruning.
Pruning can be done in early spring or fall, always before and after the growing season.
Pruning lavender is limited to maintaining the desired shape and appearance. Whenever possible, don’t prune your lavender to more than half its starting size. Right after pruning, your plant may look poor, but in no time, you’ll see new shoots appear.
Part of the necessary care of the plant is to eliminate the withered flowers of lavender. Eliminating the flowers has two purposes; on the one hand, it prevents the appearance of fungi and diseases. On the other, it favors the appearance of a new round of flowers.
The stems that remain after pruning can be used as cuttings to generate new lavender plants. Another common practice is to create scent bags by letting the leaves and flowers dry and placing them in bags.
Lavender care: watering, cultivation, and pruning
Lavender is one of the aromatic plants of par excellence, perfect at home. The care Lavender is not too complicated. They provide us with the pleasure of enjoying the natural beauty of this plant and its greatest virtue: its peculiar and irresistible perfume. It is an aroma that smells of summer, nature and is a source of natural medicinal remedy.
A being a wild bush, the Lavender is a rustic plant character that will not require much to flourish in the summer months. What’s more: it is important to know that this plant can grow in rocky areas and full sun, so this gives us a good clue of its few needs.
Let’s find out which ones to enjoy this wonderful plant at home!
- FIVE STEPS TO GROWING LAVENDER
- 1. What type of substrate does Lavender need?
- 2. Where to plant the Lavender?
- 3. How should the Lavender watering be?
- 4. Is Lavender fertilizer?
- 5. When is Lavender pruned?
8. FIVE STEPS TO GROWING LAVENDER
In any of its varieties (there are more than 60 types), Lavender is perennial, so its leaves will not renew annually. Capable of reaching one and a half meters in height, this plant is a shrub that will acquire a woody character. It makes Lavender ideal for forming beautiful borders and borders (which will become even more striking with the arrival of its unique bloom).
Something that we can achieve by following five simple steps to grow this wonderful plant:
9. What type of substrate does Lavender need?
Lavender not only needs an alkaline substrate (or, what is the same, a high pH ), but it is also essential for its proper growth. If our soil is acidic, we will have to compensate for this acidity with a specific substrate (which we will have to apply repeatedly) or add lime to raise the pH.
In addition to making the plant have this type of substrate to grow, the Lavender must have good drainage. For this, the ideal is to provide sandy soil (which facilitates the evacuation of water, avoiding any trace of humidity). This aspect is especially important since Lavender roots do not tolerate waterlogging in any season, but especially in winter (when an excess of water in the roots can freeze them and kill the plant).
10. Where to plant the Lavender?
There is no specific place but, rather, one that meets the necessary conditions. By this, we mean that both in a pot (something that we will have to choose carefully: it will need to have a diameter of between 30 and 40 centimeters) and directly in the ground, it is possible to plant Lavender and enjoy it successfully.
What is important is that the plant has good aeration, what is the same, that when we plant it, we not only avoid doing it very close to other plants but also we anticipate the dimensions that it can reach when it begins to grow (to keep a certain distance concerning any other plant).
In this way, it can grow normally without hindering the growth of its neighbors. In addition, the plant must receive direct sunlight for at least six hours a day. If we plant it in the ground, a good reason to avoid it is that it is close to trees that can rob it of light.
11. How should the Lavender watering be?
Given its rustic character, the Lavender supports even the times of absence of water. However, we will have to pay attention to its irrigation pattern, especially in the growing months in which we will have to dispense moderate irrigation. We must water it, always avoiding wetting its branches and flowers, since doing so runs the risk of fungi proliferating on the plant.
During the cold months, we will space the waterings and concentrate them in the central hours of the day to avoid that its roots can still keep moisture with the arrival of night. In the hot months, the ideal is a regular watering once a week, and provided that the substrate is dry before doing it (if it still retains moisture, we will wait a little longer before watering again).
12. Is Lavender fertilizer?
Well, no, it is more, it is not recommended! As a good rustic shrub, it is not too demanding in terms of the quality of the soil, and an excess of fertilization can cause its flowering to lose its powerful characteristic aroma. However, suppose the soil in which it is planted is very poor or for those specimens in pots. In that case, it is advisable to apply a minimum fertilizer solution before the flowering season.
13. When is Lavender pruned?
And if fertilizing the plant is not important, pruning is. We should not confuse it with picking your flowers (if the destination of these is for decorative or even medicinal purposes). With the beginning of spring or the arrival of autumn (always before or after the flowering season), it is best to carry out a small pruning that will never exceed half the size of the plant.
Thanks to it, we will be stimulating the growth of new branches and their flowers. We will carry out this same task in those lavenders that are arranged, creating a closure or border, with a small difference: in addition to pruning it in height; we will have to do it in contour (to give it the shape we want, and that the entire closure follows a same aesthetic line.
And with these five steps to grow Lavender, it will be rare that we resist being able to count on its wonderful fragrance during the summer months. One that is also a true magnet for the biodiverse fauna that lives in the garden and is so necessary for the sustainability of nature.
How do you grow lavender outdoors?
- Give the plants 6 hours or more of full sun each day.
- Apply very little water. …
- Grow in well-drained areas or raised beds. …
- If your soil is sandy, mix in some gravel to improve drainage.
- Make sure you have good air flow around the plants if you have high humidity.
Is lavender a good indoor plant?
Lavender is a good plant to grow indoors because it does well in pots and doesn’t need that much attention or maintenance. Lavender plants can also brighten up your home with their purple flowers and fresh aroma.
Where is the best place to plant lavender?
When & Where to Plant Lavender
Light: Lavender needs full sun and well-drained soil to grow best. In hot summer climates, afternoon shade may help them thrive. Soil: Lavender grows best in low to moderately-fertile soils, so don’t amend the soil with organic matter before planting.
How do I care for a lavender plant?
Place your container grown lavender plants somewhere they receive full sun (at least eight hours per day) and water them sparingly. Allow the soil to dry out between waterings, but don’t let it get so dry that the plant wilts. Lavender likes heat, and many varieties won’t survive a cold winter.
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13 How to Growing Lavender Plant Planting & Care, Grow Guide 2022