12 How to Grow Violets Flowers Wild Sweet, pansies, african 2022

12 How to Grow Violets Flowers Wild Sweet, pansies, african 2022

Viola is a genus of flowering plants in the violet family Violaceae. It is the largest genus in the family, containing between 525 and 600 species. Most species are found in the temperate Northern Hemisphere; however, some are also found in widely divergent areas such as Hawaii, Australasia, and the Andes

Wild Violet Care – How To Grow Wild Violet Plants

Learning how to grow violet flowers is easy. They are practically cared for in the garden. Read on to learn more about caring for wild violets.

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1. Wild violet flowers

Wild violets Viola odorata have heart-shaped leaves with purple-blue flowers. Some varieties also have white or yellow flowers. Although considered annuals or biennials in some areas, wild violets often self-seed and return each year in unexpected places. 

The flowers found in the lower part of the plant, called cleistogamous flowers, do not open but instead produce and harbor seeds, allowing the plant to reproduce quickly. The only downside to this attribute is that wild violets tend to become invasive, popping up almost everywhere if not controlled with some barrier.

Wild violet plants also spread through underground rhizomes.

2. Growing wild violet plants in the garden

Growing violets is easy, and with care, they have many uses in the garden. Wild violets make a great accent around trees, near water sources, and beds. They are also great options for instant ground cover in a wooded garden. They can even be grown in containers.

The leaves and flowers that bloom in late winter and early spring are also edible and rich in vitamins.

Violets can be planted almost any time during spring and fall, although early spring is preferable. These plants enjoy light shade but will also thrive in sunny locations. Although they tolerate many types of soil, wild violets prefer moist soil, are still well-drained and are rich in organic matter.

3. Wild violets care

Wild violet flowers require very little care when growing violets, other than watering after planting and occasional watering during the growing season. These tough, tiny plants tend to take care of themselves.

If desired, cutting off flower stalks can help alleviate problems with sprouting seeds. Those who propagate wild violets can divide established plants in spring or fall, although their self-seeding capabilities make this unnecessary. The seeds can also be collected and then sown indoors or cold in autumn.

Wild violet plants are rarely affected by many problems; however, their foliage is occasionally affected by mites in dry weather.

Violet: Learn how to care, grow, reproduce, and more about this flower

Discover the beauty of violet, a plant with beautiful flowers, easy to care for, and when you know its meaning, you will not be able to avoid having it at home. 

Table of Contents

  • 1 Characteristic of violets
  • 1.1 Scientific name of the violet flower
  • 2 How many types of violets are there
  • 2.1 Viola odorata
  • 2.2 Alpine Violet
  • 2.3 Imperial violet
  • 2.4 African violet
  • 2.5 African violet flower
  • 3 The violet as an edible flower
  • 3.1 Violets in medicine
  • 4 How to grow violets in pots
  • 4.1 Violets and how to care for them
  • 5 Meaning of the violet flower

In some non-cultivated areas of the garden, close to the watering cans and the stone walls, creeping plants grow every year with some small and showy flowers that announce the arrival of the spring season; they are violets. Violet plant

4. The plants

They are perennial plants, small, about 10 to 15 cm, which develop in shady, sheltered, humid, but not soggy, and decadent humus areas. They are not usually absent on the margins of the meadows manured by the cattle that graze and fertilize them, as they provide great organic matter.

They do not have a stem, and the leaves emerge from the vine.

Mata of violets on the edge of the orchard

They grow from rhizomes and are expanded by stolons. They are covering plants, and if they find suitable conditions for their development, they can behave as invasives.

5. Violet flowers and leaves

The leaves are green, with a serrated, crenate, and hairless (glabrous) edge. In spring, its shape is rounded; later, it will be heart-shaped. The petioles are long and with numerous hairs.

They are plants of the Violáceae family; we think that these, due to their characteristics, would be Viola odorata L.

Wild violet flowers

6. Violets

Both plants and flowers are called the same violets.

The flowers arise directly from the plant strain, from the axils of the leaves; they have five sepals and five petals. The petals have an intense light purple (violet) color and whitish basal spots. 

The two upper petals are directed upwards; the two lateral ones have hairs on the inside; the lower petal has darker ribs and a typical spur next to the sepals. The stigmas are long, shaped like a curved beak, and orange in color. The flowers are fragrant, with a characteristic soft and sweetish violet smell.

7. Violets

The essence of violets is extracted from these flowers, widely used in perfumery and to obtain liqueurs. Today these natural perfumes, colorants, and flavorings are hardly used; in most cases, the food and cosmetic industry has replaced them with products obtained in the laboratory.

We have found a bibliography on using the flowers and leaves of violets as medicinal plants. In this area, we have no references to these uses.

Bouquet of wild violets

8. Curiosities

Violets were very present, both in Greek and Roman mythology. For the Romans, violets symbolized mourning, and the Emperor, his wife, and the heir wore this color.

For Christianity, the color violet represents the penance and humility of Lent. A discreet scent of violets was fashionable in Victorian times. In the 21st century, violet is the color adopted by the feminist movement. Who has not eaten violet candy ?.

 By the way, if you have them at home or buy them, look at the labeling. If you find a brand that uses natural violet flowers to color and flavor the candies instead of laboratory additives, do not hesitate to tell us.

9. Wild violets

Grandpa always says that if we pick wild violets, we must be cautious; they are usually in sunny and sheltered areas, where it is likely that some viper may also be taking advantage of the first rays of the spring sun.

Violet odorata has scented flowers that are usually dark purple or white.

Both the leaves and the flowers are all in a basal rosette, and the style is hooked and does not end with a rounded appendage.

The leaf stems have downward-pointing hairs, and this plant spreads with shoots above the ground.

See the beauty of the violet odorata in this beautiful video.

10. Alpine Violet

This plant owes its name to its high tolerance to cold, which is why its common name has to do with the mountainous climate of the Alps; since even if there is even a snowfall, the violet of the Alps gives us its beautiful flowers.

Alpine violet

A curious fact about this species is that we can immediately recognize when we have a new flower because as they develop over time, the flowers get smaller. 

It is a plant that can be grown in pots. It is what is recommended because the care in it is much easier. The violet should always be kept fresh in the summertime since we cannot forget that this is a cold-climate plant.

Alpine Violet

However, we must avoid waterlogging your soil because this can rot your bulb and roots in just days. This plant is highly recommended for interior decoration because it remains green all year round due to its perennial condition. Still, for it to offer us its most extraordinary splendor, the yellow leaves must remove, and the withered flowers, so that they do not deteriorate the rest of them.

It is a very proliferating plant in its flowering and foliage, so you must pay special attention to the fungi that stalk it; if you want to know how to grow Alpine violets. It is recommended to try not to wet this plant at the time of watering, and in hot months, always place it in the shade, in the most incredible places, constantly checking that the soil does not dry out.

Discover other alpine violet care in this video.

11. African violet flower

Las flores violetas son bilateralmente simétricas con cinco pétalos y pueden ser de color violeta, blanco o rosado. Las pequeñas semillas que se requieren para saber como cultivar violetas africanas, se producen en una cápsula.

African violet flower

El género Saintpaulia se nombra en honor de von Saint Paul-Illaire, un funcionario colonial alemán que se acredita con su descubrimiento en la África Oriental Alemana, conocida ahora Tanzania en el año 1892. Fácilmente propagado a partir de recortes de hoja, las violetas africanas son plantas de interior comunes que pueden prosperar en condiciones de poca luz y florecen durante todo el año.

Cientos de variedades hortícolas se han desarrollado para sus diversos colores y formas de la flor, incluyendo miniaturas de tamaño medio.

What color are violets

Although there are other species of violets that have different colors, this African species does not have a blue-violet flower. These flowers are distinguished by being purple, white, and pink, and on infrequent occasions, you can see a mixture of white with shades of either violet or pinkish.

Fuchsia african violet

Where violets sprout

The place where the violets sprout will depend on where they are grown, and above all, on their species

These flowers are native to America, Europe, and Asia, but African violets, as their name implies, are native to the higher elevations of eastern East Africa.

Learn a little more about these beautiful African violet flowers in this video.

12. The violet as an edible flower

When opened, the violet flowers can decorate salads or fillings for poultry or fish. Soufflés, cream, and similar desserts can be flavored with violet flower essence.

Salad

The young leaves are edible raw or cooked as a somewhat bland leafy vegetable. 

The flowers and leaves of the cultivar ‘Rebecca,’ one of the violets in the family, have a distinct vanilla flavor with hints of sweetness.

The penetrating scent of some odorata violets adds inimitable sweetness to desserts, fruit salads, and teas. In contrast, the sweet pea flavor of the tricolor violet blends equally well with sweet or savory foods such as meats: grill, and steamed vegetables.

The heart-shaped leaves of violets provide a free source of greens throughout a long growing season.

A  candied violet or crystallized violet is a flower, usually violet odorata, preserved by egg white and crystallized sugar coating. Alternatively, the hot syrup is poured over the fresh flower, or the flower is dipped in the syrup and stirred until the sugar reduces and dries.

Violet ice cream with hazelnuts

This method is still used for the petals of some kinds of white flowers and was applied to orange flowers in the past. When almonds or orange peel are treated in this way, they are called pralines.

Candied violets are still made commercially in Toulouse, France, known as Toulouse violets. They are used as decoration or included in aromatic desserts.

The French are also known for their violet syrup, most commonly made from violets. In the United States, this French violet syrup is used to make violet scones and marshmallows.

Violet is   also used as a flavor essence for Creme Yvette, Creme de Violette, and Parfait d’Amour liqueurs. It is also used in confectionery.

Violets in medicine

Many species of violets, like calendula,   contain antioxidants called anthocyanins; fourteen anthocyanins have been identified from yedoensis violets and prionantha violets.

Petals of violets

Some anthocyanins show solid antioxidant activities. Most of the violets tested and many other plants in the Violaceae family contain cyclotides. Which have a wide range of biological activities in vitro when isolated from the plant, including uterotonics and anti-HIV antimicrobials.

Violet has been evaluated in different clinical indications in human studies. A clinical trial showed that adjunctive use of Viola odorata syrup could improve cough suppression in children with asthma.

In another study, intranasal administration of Viola odorata extract oil was effective in patients with insomnia. Topical use of an herbal formulation containing Viola tricolor extract also showed promising effects in patients with mild to moderate atopic dermatitis.

Violet odorata is used as a source of aromas in the perfume industry; This is known for having a flirty smell and a pleasant fragrance. Ionone is present in flowers, which at times dulls the ability of humans to smell the fragrant compound.

Learn how to make a salad with violet vinaigrette in this video.

How to grow violets in pots

It is one of the easiest plants to grow because we can reproduce them with their leaves. For this, we only have to take one of the freshest leaves of our plant before it begins to turn yellow or wilt.

Potted violet

Once we have our leaf, we place it in a glass container with a bit of water that covers the stem of our leaf. We leave it there for three to five days; when we notice that fine roots begin to form, it is time to plant it in a pot, with a mixture of soil and fertilizer in equal parts.

We place our sheet two centimeters deep and cover it with the earth without pressing; then, we moisten it and put the pot in the shade to let it grow.

Once the plant is well-rooted, we put it in partial shade and offer it its respective care.

Violets and how to care for them

These plants do not require much care, it is necessary to pay special attention to watering because they need moist soil, but excess water can rot the roots without getting flooded.

At the time of irrigation, it should be directly on the ground since the water can also damage the leaves and flowers, and this can cause fungi and slugs to attack it. For this reason, permanent supervision is required, and at the slightest indication of disease, go to the nearest nursery to indicate the proper fungicide.

What do violets symbolize?

True Meaning

The sweet-scented violet flower symbolizes truth and loyalty, while also embodying a sense of modesty, spiritual wisdom and humility. This faithful blooming plant is named after its traditional purple petals, which is in keeping with February’s purple birthstone, the amethyst.

Do violets like sun or shade?

Using a slow-release fertilizer will help encourage continuous blooms. Although violets tolerate of a variety of light conditions, most will grow best in full sun to partial shade. Some woodland species tolerate more shade; in fact they can be planted in areas considered to be full shade.

Are violets blue or purple?

actually, violets are closer to purple — but purple doesn’t rhyme with anything. The word violet can refer either to a purplish-blue color or to the tiny flower of that color. On the color spectrum, violet is a variation on purple that sits a bit closer to blue than red.

Can you eat violet?

So, can you eat violets? Indeed, you can! Violets, both the leaves and flowers, contain high amounts of vitamin C and vitamin A. The edible violet plant can be used to make syrups, brew teas, and in baked desserts.

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