How to Grow and Care for philodendron xanadu Houseplant 2023

How to Grow and Care for philodendron xanadu Houseplant 2023

Philodendron Xanadu, recently renamed Thaumatophyllum Xanadu, is a beautiful philodendron to grow. With upright, spreading growth and deeply divided leaves, it is excellent for adding a tropical vibe to your interior space. This article explains everything you need to know about philodendron Xanadu care and helps you stay away from the traps.

Philodendron Xanadu care requirements include moderate indirect light and well-draining soil that never dries out or stays wet. Medium to high humidity, temperatures of 18ºC to 29ºC, and a little fertilizer every 2-4 weeks during the growing season will help your plant thrive.

  • Philodendron Xanadu review
  • Philodendron Xanadu Care Summary
  • Light Requirements of Philodendron Xanadu
  • How to water philodendron Xanadu
  • Philodendron Xanadu soil requirements
  • Humidity
  • Temperature
  • How to Fertilize Philodendron Xanadu
  • rarely seen flowers
  • Circumcision
  • Transplant
  • propagation methods
  • Philodendron Xanadu care tips
  • Toxicity
  • varieties
  • plagues and diseases
  • The last word
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How to Grow and Care for philodendron xanadu Houseplant 2023


Philodendron Xanadu review

Sprawling jagged green leaves, Philodendron Xanadu creates a tropical atmosphere whether grown as a houseplant or in a massive outdoor planting. It is breathable, vertical growth remains closed, and does not require stakes or other support.

Philodendron Xanadu has a complicated background. 

It was patented as an Australian variety in 1983 but was later found to be a wild species native to Brazil. In 2018, it was renamed Thaumatophyllum xanadú based on DNA evidence. It may take some time for the plant world to catch up to the change, so let’s stick with the most widely used name for now: Philodendron Xanadu.

It is a reasonably uneventful rainforest dweller with large, low evergreen leaves hanging from smooth, upright stems. It rarely blooms indoors. The plant becomes even more attractive as it matures, with darker green leaves, a thick trunk, and aerial roots along the soil surface.

Philodendron Xanadu Care Summary

light requirements Medium to bright indirect light. It will burn in direct sunlight. It performs better than many houseplants in low light. Irrigati It requires constantly moist soil. Water thoroughly as soon as the top inch of the earth is dry. Avoid letting the plant sit in wet soil, as it can be prone to root rot.

Land A light, open, well-draining soil mix is ​​essential. A mixture of equal parts peat/coconut, perlite, and compost is a good option.

Temperature It works best between 18ºC and 29ºC. Try to keep the temperature above 13°C. Fertilizer Fertilize every 2-4 weeks during the growing season. Instead, use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer diluted to half the recommended rate.

Humidity Moderate to high humidity levels. >40% ideal.

Flourishing It rarely blooms indoors. Circumcision Minimal pruning is required, except for removing old or damaged leaves.

Spread It is best propagated by division, but stem cuttings can also be reproduced.

Re-irrigation It does not require frequent transplants. Wait until the plant shows signs of the root attachment.

Diseases and pests Fairly resistant to pests. Erwinia can be a problem and the common pathogen that cause root rot.

Toxicity Toxic to humans and pets if ingested. The juice can also cause skin irritation.

Light Requirements of Philodendron Xanadu

Philodendron Xanadu likes a fair amount of indirect light but burns quickly in direct sun. The plant thrives best in a light room where the rays never shine on its leaves.

A few hours of mild direct sunlight in the morning or early evening is fine… but exposing the leaves to excessively bright conditions can cause them to discolor and pale even if they don’t burn.

The plant can handle low light better than many tropical plants. Its leaves tend to darken if the lighting is dim but become leggy if it starts to have problems in low light. It is accessible to water philodendron Xanadu which endures in common light conditions because it consumes less.

How to water philodendron Xanadu

Watering is the most demanding part of care. philodendron xanadu . The plant constantly likes moist soil but cannot tolerate wet feet. And, although it is prone to rot, it does not want to dry out either.

You cannot water according to a fixed schedule; you must follow the ground. Water when the top half inch is dry. It should take about a week for the soil to get to this point… if the soil doesn’t dry out quickly enough, you may need to resort to lighter portions.

Here are some other tips:

  • Remember that a plant’s water intake varies depending on the time of year and the amount of light it receives. As a general rule, keep the soil moist throughout the growing season. Water more sparingly in winter.
  • If your plant is transplanted into a container too large for its root system, it may take longer for the soil to dry correctly.
  • Increasing light intensity can help the plant use water more quickly.
  • It is generally good practice to flush the soil with excess water to remove toxins from the mix. However, this is not a good idea if the ground is hard and resistant. (Update the medium during your subsequent transplant!)
  • If necessary, limit soil rinsing to warm growing months when the soil dries out more quickly.
  • Don’t forget to empty full containers after watering.

Philodendron Xanadu soil requirements

A fast-draining potting mix does two essential things: it prevents Philodendron Xanadu roots from growing, stays in moist soil, and keeps the oxygen they need. The light, loose soil makes proper watering much more accessible.

The plant likes a pH between 5.6 and 7.5, so it won’t mind peat moss or other organic materials that gradually acidify the soil as they break down. Naturally, terrestrial Philodendron Xanadu is made of organic matter and does well, but these materials’ fertility and air quality degrade and must be renewed.

It’s a good idea to add inorganic aerating elements to the soil, such as pumice and perlite, which do not decompose.

The following are promising building blocks of soil mixes. philodendron xanadu :

  • peat
  • coconut coconut
  • perlite
  • Privacy
  • gross sand
  • orchid bark
  • Compost

A good recipe is to mix peat or coconut fiber, perlite, and compost in a ratio of one-third. If desired, other inorganic additives may be substituted for perlite. You can also add a modest amount of bark or wood chips.


Philodendron Xanadu appreciates moisture but is more tolerant of mid-levels than many rainforests. Their growth will generally be more lush and lustrous if there is more moisture in the air; keeping the soil constantly hydrated helps the plant adapt to drier conditions.

If your environment is arid or winter heating has reduced the humidity to the point that the plant struggles with dry, dull leaves, there are several ways to increase humidity:

Plant Grouping: Place plants together, so their normal transpiration mutually increases local humidity. Avoid crowds to ensure good airflow and reduce the risk of pest or disease spread.

Water Containers: Another way to modestly increase humidity is to place containers filled with water near the plants. To save space, you can add gravel and place the pot with the plant on top, where it can sit safely above the water line.

Room humidifier: Probably not necessary, but you can go all out and use a humidifier to recreate a virtual rainforest. Additional costs and maintenance are involved, but it will solve the problem.


Philodendron Xanadu likes warm temperatures above 13°C and thrives best between 18°C ​​and 29°C. The plant will die back in cooler temperatures but may eventually recover if it doesn’t freeze.

The plant is sensitive to rapid fluctuations in temperature and drafts. Keep them away from air conditioning or heating ducts.

How to Fertilize Philodendron Xanadu

Routine fertilization throughout the growing season is essential to provide excellent Philodendron Xanadu care…but be careful not to overdo it. Its roots are sensitive to burning: it is better to pay too little than too much.

Feed lightly in the spring and increase as the weather warms and the plant speeds up its growth. Cut back in the fall and stop fertilizing altogether during the winter months.

There are three standard methods of fertilization:

  • Use a balanced fertilizer diluted at half the rate recommended on the label; feed monthly in spring and fall, and every two weeks in summer.
  • Dilute the fertilizer to about a teaspoon per gallon and use it for watering.
  • The slow-release formula can be sprayed on the ground. It may not be a good choice for pets or children who may be attracted to the colored beads. One dose lasts six months to a year and is applied in the spring.
How to Grow and Care for philodendron xanadu Houseplant 2023

Here are some tips for fertilizing Philodendron Xanadu :

Always apply on moist soil.

  • Your Xanadu can suffer from fertilizer buildup, another significant reason not to feed it. The rest can burn the roots and cause leaf discoloration and poor growth.
  • Try to wash the floor at least once a month.
  • Synthetic fertilizers work well, but organic fertilizers nourish the soil and are less likely to harm the plant.

rarely seen flowers

Philodendron Xanadu refers to the leaves, not the flowers; it rarely blooms as a houseplant.

The plant has a spathe instead of the traditional flower. The inflorescence is a dark purple covering around the inner spike made up of countless tiny flowers.


Philodendron Xanadu grows naturally in a loose clump. It is rarely necessary to trim them to shape them.

However, you may need to nourish the plant by removing damaged or dead leaves. Older leaves turn yellow and die as part of their natural growth process and should be removed to eliminate a hiding place for pests or fungus.

How to Grow and Care for philodendron xanadu Houseplant 2023

Regardless of whether you use scissors or a knife, sterilize the blades with rubbing alcohol before use. Cut the stem cleanly at the base.

Another occasional pruning job is to cut back a plant that has become thin and sparse to allow thicker growth to appear. (Take steps to correct the problems that caused the plant to become spindly in the first place.)


Frequent transplanting is not necessary for good care. philodendron xanadu . Young plants generally benefit from annual renewal but may take longer if they are not ready.

These are the signs that your Xanadu is ready to be transplanted:

  • The root system has filled the container, and the roots are circling the bottom.
  • The plant needs to be watered every two to three days.
  • Growth has slowed.
  • The soil doesn’t drain as well as it used to.

To give the plant a head start in its new rooms, transplant it in late winter or early spring before fresh leaves appear.

You don’t need to pull out the old roots – they will find fresh soil. Handle the plant carefully to avoid additional stress.

propagation methods

Root division and stem cuttings are the most practical ways to propagate your Xanadu philodendron. Since the plant is susceptible to rot, it is crucial to control the humidity level and give them heat and solid indirect light. You want the plant to start growing right away and not wilt.


The best time for root division is to transplant in the spring. It is good to water the plant well the day before so that the roots gain resistance.

Here are the steps:

  1. Remove the plant from the pot and find a natural point of separation between the “bumps.” Please don’t cut the plant down to individual stems; keep them in groups for a fuller result.
  2. Gently separate the root ball into one or more parts by carefully pulling them apart. If the roots are too intertwined, you can cut them off with a sterile blade.
  3. Transplant each part into its container. Use the same soil mix with good drainage. Plant iT at the same depth as before, covering the white part of the stems. Don’t bury them too deep, or they will rot.
  4. Water the plants so the mixture settles around their roots. Be especially careful about watering while they are recovering.

stem cuttings

It’s harder to reproduce yours. Philodendron Xanadu from cuttings because they have very little resistance to moisture-related pathogens. Rot creeps easily.

  • Cut a 10-15 cm section from the top of the young stem. Cut just above the blade.
  • Remove the lower leaves, leaving two or three on top.
  • Place the stem in water or directly in the ground:
  • If you use water, change it regularly to keep it as fresh as possible and prevent spoilage from pathogens. The daily change is not too big. Use water without chlorine or chloramines; the best is purified water.
  • Planting the stem directly in (sterile) soil means the plant will not have to adapt to a new medium after germination. To prevent further damage to the cutting, don’t push it into the ground: dig a hole to place it in and gently pack the soil around it. Moisten the medium and keep it slightly moist.

Pro Tip: Just before planting, dust the ends of the cuttings with cinnamon, a natural antifungal agent, or similar commercial preparation.

  • Provide new plants with bright indirect light and keep them warm. Roots should appear in two to three weeks.

Philodendron Xanadu care tips

  • It is natural for older leaves to turn yellow and die. Don’t worry unless the loss is excessive, new growth stops, or damaged young leaves appear.
  • Remember that the plant is prone to root rot. Factors such as oversized containers, low light, heavy soil, or cold temperatures can cause the mix to retain water for too long and endanger the plant.
  • If you move a plant to brighter light, which is usually a good move, it’s wise to avoid shock and let it acclimate.
  • Clean sheets regularly with a damp cloth to keep them bright and dust-free. iT also prevents pests.
  • If your soil drains well and it’s time to water, consider giving your Xanadu a warm shower or a brief spell outdoors in the summer rain. iT also helps control mites. After that, be sure to let the container drain well.
  • Philodendron Xanadu is an aroid and naturally has many variations. Some sheets may be slightly different than others.
  • Don’t wait for aerial roots until the plant reaches maturity; don’t fall for them if your Xanadu suddenly starts producing them.


Philodendron Xanadu contains calcium oxalate crystals that are toxic to pets and humans.

Although not necessarily fatal, ingesting parts of the plant can cause burning, swelling, and difficulty breathing… consuming large amounts can cause kidney failure. Even the juice can cause skin irritation.


Philodendron Xanadu was patented as an Australian variety from 1983 until 2002, when it was shown that the plant was a natural Brazilian species. It was after the plant had been declared plant of the year by Australian Houseplants and given clever retail names like Aussie and Winterbourn.

Several growers refuse to accept that the plant is not a designer hybrid born in Australia. However, the patent has expired, and the plant can be propagated freely today.

plagues and diseases

Philodendron Xanadu is relatively pest free and not even attractive to deer, so health inspections should usually keep problems at bay. If you find random bugs or scales, horticultural oil and insecticidal soaps are gentle and effective treatments.

The plant doesn’t usually suffer from fungal problems besides a nasty bacterial infection. Erwinia. This ugly little bug spreads quickly and produces an unpleasant odor when it blends with your beloved leaves.

Erwinia often hitchhikes along with the new plant. Here are the steps to limit the infection:

  • New plants in quarantine.
  • Remove affected plant parts and dispose of them safely.
  • Isolate the plant to prevent further contamination.
  • Sterilize any tools or soil that has come into contact with the infected plant. The disease can be spread by hand contact or splashing water from an infected leaf.
  • Provide the recovering plant with good air circulation (away from other plants) and monitor its progress closely.
  • A healthy plant is the best prevention.

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