Doberman Pinscher Dog Breed Information Facts and Personality Traits 2022

Doberman Pinscher Dog Breed Information Facts and Personality Traits 2022

The breed concerns us today is the Doberman Pinscher, an elegant and slender dog that needs a good caretaker to teach it to channel all the energy that overflows. An imposing dog but with a pleasant and playful attitude.


  • 1 History of the Doberman:
  • 2 Character of the Doberman:
  • 3Physical Characteristics:
  • 4 Did you know that ?
  • 5 Compatible with your SuperPet:

History of the Doberman:

This breed owes its name to the German Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, who at the end of the 19th century created a new breed of dog from crosses with Rottweiler, Beauceron, Pinscher, Weimaraner and Manchester Terrier. Karl wanted a defence dog since his job as a tax collector was not always an easy task, and more than once, he had been scared. He also feared that some thief could steal his collections, so he needed a strong-looking dog with skills to protect him and attack if necessary.

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The Doberman was a little-known type of dog from its creation until the end of the 1940s, when, after its good results as a battle and defence dog in World War II, this breed began to become popular. The highest peak of popularity was recorded in the United States in the 70s and 80s, until it became the most demanded protection dog in politics and military services, ranking among the breeds of the ten most popular dogs of the moment.

The character of the Doberman:

The Doberman Pinscher is a calm, courteous and very loyal dog to his family. He is easy to train as he is very versatile and obedient. This breed is also characterized by being a brave dog, which transmits security, and that is why it has been used in surveillance and protection tasks and service tasks, thanks also to its good sense of smell. Excellent guard dog that can be suspicious of people he does not know.

Physical Characteristics:

A medium-sized dog with a solid and heavy build. The Dobermann stands out for its elegant and light walk and its great resistance and speed when running.

Head: It is long and bony, with a skull size proportionate to the rest of the body. His face is straight and slightly convex, with flat cheeks and strong teeth. The eyes are dark with a cleft snout.

Ears: In the publications on this breed, they are described as stiff, pointed and set high. These specimens with cropped ears are found mostly in America, while in European specimens, the Doberman’s ears are wider, hang naturally and are placed close to the ears.

Body: his back is muscular and firm, short but wide, tall. Its neck is long with a convex thorax and marked belly.

Tail: can be amputated, leaving two vertebrae or a natural length.

Colour and Coat: Short, hard, dense and in black or brown tones with dark tan markings, well defined.

Did you know?

The Dobermann is one of the most awarded breeds in the United States. The record is held by Kafka, a brown and tan Dobermann who was born in 1986 and who, throughout his life, won 124 awards. But it was not only he who garnered such awards but among the long list of his descendants are more than 110 AKC (American Kennel Club) champions.

Compatible with your SuperPet:

  • Summum is the best-dehydrated dog food. This food is mixed with water and provides the Dobermann with ingredients that preserve all its properties. Made with pork and vegetables, food of the highest level, suitable for human consumption.
  • A large, powerful dog like the Doberman Pinscher needs a dose of daily exercise. With the Rogz for Dogz Frisbee, the furry will run, jump and exercise without damaging his teeth. A light and floating toy with which it can also be used in water.
  • Trixie stands with two adjustable feeders. The ideal is that your Dobermann does not have to strain his spine and can eat and drink water in a comfortable and relaxed position. Its height is adjustable up to 40 centimetres, and its legs are non-slip.
  • In some communities, this breed is classified as a Potentially Dangerous Dog (PPP), for which it is mandatory to walk with a muzzle. From Petsonic, we recommend a suitable type of muzzle, with which the dog can drink water and pant.

Doberman Pinscher Dog Breed Information Facts and Personality Traits 2022

The Doberman Pinscher, also known as the Doberman Pinscher or Doberman Pinscher , is an elegant, muscular and powerful dog . With a compact and powerful body, the Doberman has captivated the hearts of many people for many years.

However, due to the stigmatization suffered by the breed, it has also been one of the most feared dogs. Fortunately, more and more people decide to educate themselves to properly educate their dogs, demonstrating that the Doberman can be an excellent life companion.

This canine breed is characterized by its enormous intelligence and sensitivity, so positive training is essential to guarantee its wellbeing and generate a strong bond between dog and caregiver. If you are thinking of adopting a Doberman, you have come to the right place. In this AnimalWised article, we will tell you everything you need to know about the characteristics of the Doberman; keep reading!


  1. Origin of the Doberman Pinscher
  2. Characteristics of the Doberman Pinscher
  3. doberman pinscher character
  4. Doberman pinscher care
  5. Doberman Pinscher Education
  6. Doberman Pinscher Health
  7. Where to adopt a Doberman dog?

Origin of the Doberman Pinscher

The origin of this breed is relatively recent. Friederich Louis Dobermann, born on January 2, 1834, and died on June 9, 1894, was the creator of this dog and the reason why the breed is called Dobermannin German, whose translation is Doberman. Dobermann was a tax collector who also worked part-time capturing dogs for the kennel.

As he had to move around different places, some not very safe, Dobermann decided to create a breed of dog that would be able to protect him and at the same time be attached to people. It is unknown which breeds were involved in creating the Doberman, but it is thought that dogs known as “butcher dogs”, very similar to Rottweilers, were used. The Doberman is also known to be related to Rottweilers and Beaucerons.

Doberman Pinscher Dog Breed Information Facts and Personality Traits 2022

Initially, the breed was known as the Doberman Pinscher; however, the second word fell out of use over time, so it is now known simply as the Doberman ( Dobermann ). Once Friederich Louis Dobermann began crossing dogs to obtain the breed, he established his Doberman kennel in the 1970s.

The Doberman was very popular as a guard and protection dog, given his qualities. Likewise, he was extensively trained to serve as a police dog and fulfil the army’s jobs. Currently, the breed has lost that popularity, and it is no longer so common to see these dogs in divisions of the armed forces. However, the Doberman remains a popular dog in civil society and retains the skills that once made it such a sought-after dog in law enforcement.

Characteristics of the Doberman Pinscher

One of the most remarkable characteristics of the Doberman and that we observe as soon as we see it is that it is an elegant dog. It is large, with a height at the withers of 68-72 cm in males and 63-68 cm in females. As for the weight, it is around 40-45 kg in males and 32-35 kg in females.

The head is wedge-shaped when viewed from above, elegant and fine, so it should not give the impression of being bulky. The stop is poorly defined but evident. The nose, wider than round, should have large nostrils. In black dogs, it should be black, while in brown dogs, it should be lighter in colour. The Doberman’s snout is well developed and deep, with a mouth opening near the molars. The scissor bite is very powerful.

The eyes are medium in size and oval. They must be dark, but eyes of slightly lighter shades are allowed in brown dogs. The eyelids are well attached, and the eye’s conjunctiva is not visible. In the past, the ears and tail of the Doberman were amputated when the dog was still a puppy a few months old. Today this practice is prohibited in many countries because it is cruel and unnecessary.

Doberman Pinscher Dog Breed Information Facts and Personality Traits 2022

In addition, these amputations seriously harm the dog’s relationship with the environment and other dogs, as we explain in this other article: “Why is it bad to cut the tail and ears of dogs?”. Thus, the complete ears of the Doberman are medium in size and fall towards the cheeks, so they don’t stand up straight.

The compact, muscular and powerful body allows the dog great ability to make quick movements in a small space. This ability favours the work of dogs trained for attack and protection. The back is short and muscular, as is the loin. The chest is broad and deep. The legs are equally muscular and proportionate to the rest of the body.

The naturally long tail is set high and slightly curved, fine and ends at a point. As we have already pointed out, amputation is prohibited. In addition, official organizations, such as the International Cynological Federation (FCI), penalize the docking of both ears and tail.

Doberman colours

The hair of the Doberman is single-layered and is characterized by being short, harsh, and dense. The hair, evenly distributed throughout the body, is smooth and close to the body. FCI accepted colours are black and dark brownwith clean, crisp rust-red markings. These marks are usually mainly present on the eyebrows, the snout, the cheeks, the throat, the chest, the feet, and the thighs.

Thus, both the brown Doberman and the black Doberman are accepted. However, the white Doberman does not. When a specimen is born with this colouration on its coat, we are dealing with an albino dog. We discuss it in-depth in this article: ” Albino Doberman – Characteristics and care “.

According to the FCI, there is only the described Doberman dog. However, the American Kennel Club records the existence of the European and American Doberman. We talked about them in the article on the Types of Dobermans.

doberman pinscher character

The Doberman Pinscher is one of the smartest dogs out there. He is especially friendly and peaceful, even though, on many occasions, his serious appearance may say otherwise. In general, the temperament of the Doberman is moderate and does not tend to get overly excited, as can happen in other breeds.

Another remarkable feature of this breed is that it is a dog that is very dependent on its family, so it is not suitable if we spend most of the day outside or if we cannot provide it with the care it deserves to be happy.

Despite being a friendly dog ​​on his own, the Doberman is somewhat distrustful of strangers, so it is advisable to socialize him as a puppy properly. This mistrust does not make it a dangerous dog, but it does help make it a good guard. Of course, we must emphasize that this or any dog ​​should not be adopted to leave alone on a property to protect it since they all need the company of their human companions.

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This breed learns quickly and easily, so it is not difficult to train a Doberman dog. This breed’s ability to train becomes evident when you consider the different activities it has occupied and successfully occupies: tracking dogs, air-traffic dogs, guard dogs, search and rescue dogs, therapy dogs, assistants and many more occupations. However, it is on a day-to-day basis that the character of the Doberman will surprise us, as it is an excellent companion. He is a sweet, affectionate, sensitive and very intelligent dog.

Doberman pinscher care

Although they need plenty of exercises, these dogs can adjust to living in an apartment if they are given long daily walks and games to help them burn off their energy. Despite this, they are dogs that will be better off if they have a garden where they can run and have fun. Many behavioural problems are mainly due to a lack of physical and mental exercise.

However, the Doberman is not an “outdoor” dog. The Doberman needs a suitable place to sleep and rest with a low ability to withstand extreme cold. If you sleep in the garden, you need a well-designed house free of drafts. It is not recommended that your Doberman sleep outside if the weather is cold.

Doberman Pinscher Dog Breed Information Facts and Personality Traits 2022

On the other hand, the physical stimulation of the Doberman dog will not be enough, and it will also need mental stimulation to help relieve stress and the energy that it may accumulate. The different intelligence games will help us work with him on this much-needed aspect.

Finally, it is important to add the care of the Doberman referring to its coat since, although it loses hair regularly, a weekly brush will be more than enough. Of course, during the moulting seasons, we can increase the frequency to two or three weekly brushings in spring and autumn. As for the bath, it should be done when it is really necessary.

Do not forget that the Doberman dog is considered potentially dangerous in several countries. Getting him used to the muzzle in his earlier stage will be essential so that he does not have problems in his adult stage.

Doberman Pinscher Dog Breed Information Facts and Personality Traits 2022

Doberman Pinscher Education

The Doberman is a highly intelligent dog, so that it will need education and training beyond the usual. It will be basic to start with socialization, a process in which we teach our dog to interact with very different people, animals, objects and environments.

Socialization prevents behaviours related to fear in its adult stage, which in the case of the Doberman dog, can become reactive behaviours (it reacts aggressively out of fear of certain stimuli). Actively working on this process will be very important in his puppy stage, but we can also do it if we have adopted an adult dog. To do this, we recommend consulting this other post: ” How to socialize an adult dog? “.

Doberman Pinscher Dog Breed Information Facts and Personality Traits 2022

Also, in his youth, we will begin to work on the basic training commands. We will practice them in different situations, always using positive reinforcement, such as prizes, caresses or words of encouragement. The use of punishment collars or training techniques based on punishment can lead to serious behaviour problems in this sensitive dog, so they should be avoided.

Already in his young-adult stage, the Doberman must continue to practice obedience constantly and begin to experiment with active exercise and the different intelligence games that exist and more advanced tricks. Variety in his upbringing and training will foster positive and healthy attitudes. If we don’t have time to offer this wonderful dog, maybe we should consider another breed more in line with our lifestyle.

Doberman Pinscher Health

The Dobermann is generally a healthy dog but can be prone to spinal problems, especially in the cervical region, gastric torsionhip dysplasia, and heart problems. To ensure good health, the idea is to visit the specialist every six months to observe your condition and give us the pertinent indications.

We will strictly follow your vaccination schedule, as well as that of deworming: external monthly and internal quarterly. Likewise, it is important to take care of your diet to avoid being overweight and maintain proper hygiene of the eyes, teeth and ears. Good care will make our Doberman dog healthy and happy for a long time. In this sense, the life expectancy of the Doberman is around 10-13 years.

Where to adopt a Doberman dog?

Sadly, this dog is still used today for hunting, dog fighting, or turf protection, so it suffers from abandonment when its “keepers” deem it unsuitable for the job. For this reason, you can find puppy and adult Doberman dogs for adoption in animal shelters and shelters. Likewise, associations are dedicated to rescuing abandoned dogs of this breed, such as SOS Dobermann.

Similarly, many mestizo dogs come from Doberman crosses with other dogs that also deserve to be adopted since what is important is not whether or not they are breeds, but rather that they adapt to our lifestyle to provide them with all the care. What do you need?

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Doberman Pinscher Dog Breed Information Facts and Personality Traits 2022