Creeping Jenny Growing Information Ground Cover 2023

Creeping Jenny Growing Information Ground Cover 2023

The Creeping Jenny plant, also known as moneywort or Loosestrife, is an evergreen perennial plant belonging to the Primulaceae family. For those looking for information on how to grow creeping jenny, this low-growing plant thrives in USDA zones 2 through 10. Creeping Jenny is a ground cover that works well in rock gardens, between steps, around ponds, in pots, or to cover hard-to-grow areas in the landscape.

How to grow to creep,creeping jenny

Growing creeping jenny is relatively easy. Before planting creeping jenny, check with your local extension office to ensure it is not restricted in your area due to its invasive nature.

Creeping Jenny is a hardy plant that will thrive in full sun or shade. Buy plants from nurseries in the spring and choose a site, shade, or sun that drains well.

Space these plants 2 ft 0.6 m apart as they increase to fill empty areas. Do not plant creeping jenny unless you are prepared to deal with its fast-spreading habit.

Jenny Creeping Ground Cover Care

Once established, creeping jenny requires very little maintenance. Most gardeners prune this fast-growing plant to keep its horizontal growth in check. You can also divide the plant for better air circulation or to control spread in early spring.

Creeping jenny requires regular water and does well with a bit of organic fertilizer when first planted. Apply mulch or compost around the plants to help with moisture retention.

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What is the difference between Creeping Charlie and Creeping Jenny?

Sometimes when people are growing creeping jenny, they mistakenly think it is the same as creeping Charlie. Although similar in many ways, advancing Charlie is a low-growing weed that often invades lawns and gardens, while creeping jenny is a ground cover plant that is, in most cases, an addition. Welcome to the park or landscape…

Creeping Charlie has four-sided stems that grow up to 30 inches (76.2 cm). The roots of this invasive weed form knots where the leaves join the branch. Creeping Charlie also produces lavender flowers at 2in. 5cm. On the other hand, most creeping jenny varieties reach a mature height of 38cm 15in. With coin-shaped greenish-yellow foliage that turns bronze in winter and inconspicuous flowers that bloom in early summer.

Creeping Jenny Growing Information Ground Cover 2023

Many flower growers are attracted to such a plant as perennial asters – planting and caring for them will not be tricky, even for a beginner. These flowers are excellent for decorating gardens and landscaping. Because the perennial aster proliferates, it forms a beautiful background for the shoots of other flowering plants. It is used as a hedge or even as a green sculpture. Also, evergreen shrub asters are an ideal option for those who want to quickly and reliably hide unsightly corners of the garden.

Thanks to a large selection of shades, heights, and other characteristics of bushes, these flowers have become very popular among fans who want to create an original landscape on their site.

In addition to perennial species, gardeners also grow annual asters. They are valued for their wide variety of shapes. The most popular species that have won the love of flower lovers are peony, chrysanthemum, spherical, and needle asters. They all have a limited growing time and require annual planting. The peony looks like a tall, spreading bush with double cane flowers. The spherical Variety of aster attracts with its strong inflorescences of the original form. The chrysanthemum-shaped aster is pyramidal in shape and is distinguished by flowers that resemble a chrysanthemum. For information on how to plant an aster for seedlings, see.

Description of the evergreen aster bush

The Astra bush flower is a perennial plant that belongs to the Asteraceae or Compositae family. This plant has become widespread in European countries and Asia and can be found in North Africa and North America.

This specimen has straight and branched stems and can reach, depending on the species, a height of 25-50 centimeters. The plant is characterized by intense, densely bushy shoots with elongated leaves. From the nodes, this perennial plant forms a bush with white, pink, lilac, purple, yellow, red, and other flowers.

Chinese aster pleases flower growers with inflorescences of different shades in the form of baskets, having a diameter of up to three centimeters. Along the edges, the flower shape is characterized as a cane. Among the representatives, there are terry aster and other types of inflorescences. The flowering period of the plant depends on the Variety of perennial asters and can be very long. Some fall species bloom even before frost.

What are the varieties of perennial asters?

The diversity of species offered by the garden aster allows each grower to find the right plant for their site. Used as a crop for the long-term cultivation, these shrubs significantly reduce time and labor costs for landscaping.

new Belgian aster

This type of plant, like alpine, perennial asters, and the Lady Blue variety, is distinguished by early flowering. This Variety’s inflorescences begin to appear at the beginning of the first days of summer. The plant is characterized by low shoots, reaching a height of 30 centimeters. The Variety blooms profusely over 30 days and pleases gardeners with blue, purple, and lilac baskets up to six centimeters in diameter.

Another perennial is the new or September Belgian aster, which has wide varieties. All of them differ in the height of the bush. There are some small-sized varieties of asters (border perennials) and representatives reaching a height of about 160 centimeters. The new Belgian aster is characterized by abundant and prolonged flowering from the first month of autumn.

About 150 flower baskets can appear on this species’ shoots. Small flowers can be single, semi-double, or double. A feature of inflorescences and shoots is their ability to withstand temperatures down to -5 degrees Celsius. Among these species, flower growers especially like the blue aster, which is a beautiful addition to any garden, terrace, or flower bed.

Aster species that cover the ground

A favorite flower grower species is aster heather, which does not require special care conditions. Its long and abundant flowering allows this specimen to be used as a decoration for any flower bed. Because the view is tilted toward the ground, landscapers love to use this color to create various original garden shapes and figures.

Groundcover asters are especially valued for surviving temperatures of around -35 degrees Celsius. Many heather flower baskets give the impression of a single rug. Flower growers know that little perennial asters also tend to increase in width, so experts advise limiting the growth of bushes around the perimeter. To do this, you can use iron strips, which are recommended to be dug into the ground.

Unlike many species, heather aster feels excellent even in dark places. However, full shade should be avoided.

New England Asters

These asters are distinguished by their appearance and the ability to grow up to two meters in height. Astra, New England, looks like a fragile and powerful bush with large paniculate inflorescences. About 25-30 baskets of flowers can grow on each stem. This specimen grows very weakly and gives almost no growth. Every year it gets taller and looks more powerful. Unlike other species, the bush begins to delight in its flowering much later. Releasing flowers in the last days of September, this aster is a colorful garden decoration before the snow arrives.

aster bush

This plant can increase. After three or four years, the bush aster forms a curtain, which is excellent for sitting. It looks like a spherical bush, reaching a height of 50 centimeters. This species likes to use it to grow along curbs and paths. For example, Anneke and creeping jenny aster bush fell in love with flower growers.

Tips for planting, propagating, and caring for flowers.

The plant can be propagated in various ways: with the help of green cuttings, dividing the bush, or seeds.

The first of these options involves rooting cuttings in a greenhouse with constant high humidity. For this method, the tops of the shoots are cut about two to three inches long in early summer. The cuttings from the young trunks take root and proliferate, forming mighty bushes.

Propagation by dividing the bush is an easy method that allows you to get a flowering plant quickly. Perennial mixed aster and other species can grow up to five or six years in one place. However, with solid bush growth, gardeners prefer to transplant them, dividing them into smaller bushes. It is best done every two or three years. Tall plants should be planted at a distance of not less than 70-90 cm. Low samples will feel comfortable at a length of 30-50 centimeters.

For propagation by division, delinking is cut from the mother bush. For this procedure, you must use a sharp knife. Each Zelenka should have three to five vigorous shoots. It is best to divide and plant an aster in the spring. In this case, the plant will grow much faster and enter the flowering stage. Produced in the fall, specimens risk freezing and dying before they even take root.

Creeping Jenny Growing Information Ground Cover 2023

It is also possible to plant asters from seeds, but this method does not always give the desired result for beginners. Planting material is collected before the onset of winter and immediately buried in open ground. Some do it in early spring. The depth of planting aster seeds is up to one and a half to two centimeters. After, the earth should be moistened with warm water. Then you need to cover it with compost and peat. Fresh seeds will sprout in a week. The plant must be thinned a little later, leaving a gap of about six inches between individual specimens.

Winter sowing of asters is also possible. It takes place in December. It is recommended to propagate the plant in this way if the height of the snow cover does not exceed ten centimeters. After planting the seeds, the soil must be covered with dry compost. Sometimes the seedlings from this planting method are fragile and do not look like good varietal material. Due to the loss of germination, the seed propagation method of this type of flower is rarely used.

Watering and feeding asters

The plant is quite unpretentious. However, tall aster and other species need watering during the dry period. Stems need additional moisture during bud formation. Also, the aster at this time must be fed with mineral fertilizers. For this purpose, do not use fresh manure. The best option would be fertilizer in the form of special dressings, including the entire complex of minerals and mixtures of phosphorus and potassium. Some experts advise covering the plant every few years after cutting, using peat and compost in equal proportions.

Wintering aster bushes

In autumn, the shoots are cut back to ground level after the onset of frost. Experts advise covering the soil with compost. The fall aster plant is quite frost-resistant, so you can not hide it for the winter.

Choosing a place for culture

Many people like to grow perennial asters because these bushes can delight with bright colors until late fall. These perennial plants are very photophilous. Before planting an aster, choosing a sunny place with a minimum amount of wind is recommended. Some species can be grown in partial shade. But the plant will bloom later in this case, and the inflorescence baskets will not be so lush. Partial shade can be dangerous due to the high risk of powdery mildew. Experienced gardeners never choose completely dark places to plant these bushes. In the shade, all types of asters practically do not bloom and often suffer from pests and diseases.

Choosing the right flooring

High representatives and dwarf asters grow well on loose, fertile soils with a neutral reaction.

Poor soil should be fertilized with humus or compost and a few tablespoons of superphosphate. To reduce acidity, it is recommended to use dolomite flour or fluffy lime in an amount of 200 grams. After that, everything must be dug as deep as possible. Low ground with standing water is entirely unsuitable for growing such a species as the Wartburg star aster. In this case, additional drainage is recommended. Fine gravel works well for this. Coarse sand and river sand can be introduced into the soil where asters are to be planted. Improves the structure of the earth. Before planting, the site must be rid of weeds, loosen the ground, and level it.

The soil in which calendula or marigolds have grown before is well suited for planting asters. You should not produce this plant in flower beds where tulips, carnations, or gladioli were previously grown. Since they often suffer from Graziosi, which causes fungal infections.

Bush Asters Care

What could be more beautiful than the flowers in your garden? They give us many positive emotions, but it is a pity to part with them with the arrival of gray autumn days. So this is not necessary because there are flowers that will delight the eye until frost. Yes, not all plants can surprise with such qualities. Especially in our country with its harsh climate, perennial asters go against the natural cycles and make us happier both in summer and late autumn. And today, we will tell you about the best varieties for your garden, which will become its highlight.

Queen of the autumn garden – aster

Imagine that there are currently more than 600 species of asters. They include various varieties that amaze their beauty, even the most demanding landscaper. Asters are unusual in that their inflorescences are all different, bushes can often be confused with chrysanthemums and peonies, but there is another unique feature – shades, among which there is a variety of blue. It is pretty rare among flowers of all kinds.

Creeping Jenny Growing Information Ground Cover 2023

Asters are unpretentious, beautiful, and accessible to everyone; they can be grown with and without seedlings in all regions of our great country. What else is needed? Yes, just a little better to understand the varieties because it is difficult for a beginner not to be confused with such a variety. In this, we will help you; of course, we can not describe all 600 species, but we will tell you about the types most often planted by gardeners – the best and most beautiful. And as you can understand, today we will mainly talk about perennial asters.

variety of flowers

Aster flowers are unique because there are so many: tall, short, perennial, and annual. The latter is divided into three main classes, formed according to their decorative effect and structure: reed, tubular, and transitional. These three classes are divided into ten more depending on the flower type and shape. Each group has its varieties that can surprise the most demanding gardeners, look at the photo – this is an aster pompom. The charm of these balls is incredible; although they can also have different shades, they are the same age. And today, we are talking about perennial species, and we will consider them further.

Perennial asters and their different flowering periods.

With the onset of spring, every gardener expects their favorite flowers to bloom, but not all plants delight all season. Some decorate their appearance only in April and May, others only in the first half of summer, and others will please in the fall. But perennial asters are perfect in every way – their varieties are so diverse that their flower beds will be charming from May to October and even longer.

All because there are early flowers, there are summer and autumn flowers. The first bloom in May and delights until June, the second throughout the second and third decades of summer, and the third bloom in the fall. Each group has its species, and they, in turn, are varieties.

For information! Asters differ not only in terms of flowering and height but also in the structure of flowers: rose, peony, chrysanthemum. There are also differences in shape: asters are needle-shaped, spherical, and radiant.

early alpine aster

The most used and widespread type. These flowers have a small growth of up to 30 cm, making them ideal for creating compositions, planting along paths, and decorating rock gardens and flower beds. Do you know why gardeners so love the species? Because asters are beautiful and unassuming, any beginner can create the perfect garden.

The bushes bloom in different shades and delight us from May to June. And, of course, we will name the most popular varieties of asters of this species. See photos and names below. The inflorescences of this species are usually up to 5-6 cm in diameter, single type. Asters are not afraid of frost; they tolerate even the harsh winters of our country and love the highest areas and the sun.

Alpine aster varieties:

  • “Sunrise.” It blooms with delicate white inflorescences and a yellow center, and it has a dense green mass. The shape of the leaves is elongated, and they can grow up to 30-40 cm, and the bushes grow stuff. If you look at the photo, you can see the similarity of this aster with chamomile;
  • “Glory.” These flowers are similar to the previous ones in shape but look at this bluish hue of the petals, which are diluted with a rich yellow-orange center. Flowers up to 4 cm in diameter are Perfectly combined in massif with the Alba variety. Shrubs can be planted alternately or in strips;
  • Dunkle Schone. A great option to combine colors and natural stones decorating a rock garden. The flowers have a pleasant violet-blue shade; they are plump. The Variety is unpretentious, does not freeze, is not afraid of the return of May frosts, and is undemanding to soils. Flowers about 3 cm in diameter;
  • “Rosea.” This Variety blooms in the first month of summer, but its beauty is that it will delight you with its bloom for three months. Tubular petals have a deep pink color, up to 5 cm in diameter; they go well with blue and white asters;
  • “Goliath.” This Variety has a tremendously delicate color – lavender. It is also often used to decorate the garden’s rockeries, alpine slides, and paths. Loves the sun and partial shade, flowers in diameter – 3-5 cm.

Anderson’s Early Aster

It blooms and delights us in spring and early summer. This species is tiny, one might say, ground cover and loves well-ventilated soils, moderately moist soil, and sunlight. The bushes stand out because they have a purple shade of petals. Very delicate and beautiful inflorescences resemble soothing purple chamomile with a yellow-orange center. The diameter is only 2 cm, and the height of the entire bush does not exceed 5 cm.

Creeping Jenny Growing Information Ground Cover 2023

Early Himalayan Aster

These bushes grow compactly, up to 25-30 cm tall. As you can understand, the places of origin of these flowers are the highest mountains in the world. It is often found in Asian countries, near houses, and at more than 4 thousand meters of altitude. The flowers have a delicate purple hue and are medium in size – up to 3 cm; in nature, it grows no more than 15 cm; they please with flowering in May.

summer Italian asters

As you will understand, we have now moved on to the following flowers that will delight you with their bloom from July to August. This species is taller than the early plot and can grow up to 60-70 cm. These tall flowers are often planted along the fences; they can close unsightly outbuildings. It is also essential to plant such bushes near supports where there are no strong winds in lousy weather. It can be grown in rows or individually.

Inflorescences are collected in shields on average up to 4-5 cm in diameter. The colors are usually closer to blue-blue and lilac shades; there may be flowers of a pink tint. The shape of the bush itself is spherical. This species is divided at the beginning of April to propagate; the favorite soils are alkaline. They bloom best where there is a lot of suns. It’s interesting! This type of aster was bred in Europe. Drawings depict Italian asters dating back to 1596.

Italian aster varieties:

  • Violet Queen. It is considered a coveted variety of this species, but it is not easy to find. It is a beautiful purple aster, and the diameter of the flower is about 4 cm;
  • “Rudolf Goethe.” An unusual name, but this summer variety is trusted by summer residents, as it continuously blooms, even if the season is not the most favorable. The flowers have pale purple petals, about 4 cm in diameter. The seeds can be bought without problems;
  • Rosea. It is a pink aster, and there is also a tubular variety, where the shade of the flower can be beige. Very long flowering – from June to September. Flowers up to 3 cm in diameter.
  • For information! The Italian aster has other varieties, but they are rare and challenging to buy Lady Hindlip, Veilchenkoenigin, Ultramarine, Mira, Gnom, Herman Lens, Henrich Seibert, Kobold, “Coerulea,” “King George.”

Separately, we would like to tell you that tall varieties are suitable to combine with short ones. You can also plant several perennials and annuals; the overall picture will be beautiful. Next year, you can change the annual asters for new varieties or new flowers. So the flower bed will be new every year. Magnificent varieties of annual asters are Milady aster; she is in the photo, Scarlet, Crimson, Krestella, and Erfurt Dwarf.

Summer stonecrop asters

The homeland of its country is Asia, where the flower began to be planted in gardens around 1686. The bushes are round and quite tall – up to 80 cm; again, tall species are better planted near fences in a quiet place. They are very thermophilic and cannot tolerate excess moisture. The flowers are collected in beautiful baskets and umbrellas; they have a delicate lavender color closer to the sky. Diameter – 2 cm, blooms in late summer. It grows well in soils rich in humus that let in a lot of air. On such land, the bushes bloom profusely and for a long time.

Bessarabian summer aster

This species is not independent but a variety of Italian. The characteristics are similar, but the flowers of the bushes have a larger diameter. Inside, the inflorescence is neither yellow nor orange but brown. It can be purple, pink, or white. Shrubs are pretty powerful, as is their root system. The height can reach up to 75 cm.

summer blue aster

His homeland is also the Himalayas. Tall plants – up to 120 cm- can hide all the shortcomings of the site. The flowers are sky blue, full of bushes, and the roots creep to the sides. The soil loves fertility and should be sunny on the site; it is not afraid of cold weather. It is divided by a bush, blooms for the first two months of summer, looking relatively modest.

Aster autumn perennial New England

All the autumn species are popular because their charm is that they delight us when other flowers are already fading. They are unpretentious, there are wide varieties, and it is easy to plant them. Bushes can be of different heights and colors – pink, purple, blue, white, and purple asters. All of which are of different shapes.

Creeping Jenny Growing Information Ground Cover 2023

Creeping Jenny Growing Information Ground Cover 2023

We start with the view of New England. These bushes, for lovers of tall plants, are thorny for a beginner to imagine, but asters can be taller than a person – up to 2 meters. Of course, with such bushes, you need to plan what and where they will be planted. They should be separate – along the walls or at the bottom of the flower bed. Flowers are located in clusters in large numbers, and the diameter of one inflorescence is up to 4 cm.

These asters will please with their flowering in the first decade of September. You can combine them with other perennial species; you can also with annuals. For example, with asters of pompom species, an excellent variety of “Princess Mix” – is in the photo below. These are annual plants that always luxuriously decorate the garden. There are also popular varieties of annual flowers – these are “Ostrich Feather,” “Princess Bouquet,” “Victoria,” “Giant,” “Duchess,” and “American Beauty.” All these asters are worthy of your attention.

New England Aster Varieties:

  • Pink bars. Pink-flowered carpet bushes of this Variety. They winter well; they can grow in the most unfavorable conditions, even along the roads. They bloom in the fall; they are not afraid of light frosts;
  • Brownman. Tall purple bushes. Grow in moderately moist areas with fertile soil, unpretentious. Perfect for fall colors.

New Belgian Autumn Varieties

An exciting sight, where there can be both low bushes – up to 40 cm, and high – 150 cm in height. The flowers are in panicles. These asters are lovely because the greenery and stems are not even visible when they bloom. The latter, by the way, become woody over time. The beauty of these asters is that they bloom in bad weather, at dusk, in fog, and on rainy days. They can be burgundy, blue, lilac, and white. Due to the abundant flowering, this species can be planted even in the center of the flower bed.

Varieties of the new Belgian aster:

  • “Amethyst.” This Variety is often compared to daisies; they have a dark shade of lilac. The branches are located side by side, abundantly covered with flowers, but the bushes cannot be tied. Height – up to 130 cm Large flowers – up to 4 cm;
  • Mary Ballard. Like the previous Variety, it is trendy. She can also do without support; she is not afraid of frost. It has a magnificent lavender color of the petals, while the inflorescences are enormous, up to 8 cm in diameter. They begin to bloom in late August, and the bloom continues for 60 days. The name of the person who created it. Height – up to a meter;
  • “White lady.” The beauty of this perennial aster is that it is the most frost-hardy. It has a beautiful white color with a yellow center. Unpretentious and does not require special care. Flowers – 3-5 cm;
  • “Sunset.” Just look at it; these bushes are like the pink hues of the sunset fringe over the horizon. Its diameter is 4 cm; the foliage is not visible during flowering. Shade-pink, the Variety begins to bloom from September to November.

Astra evergreen shrub

This aster completes today’s selection of flowers for your garden. Bushes are usually low, up to half a meter high. They bloom from the first days of autumn until the intense cold. Most often, the flowers have a light and delicate color: pink, heavenly, white, and purple, but they can also be burgundy and yellow. Bushes can form. For asters to bloom better, they are rejuvenated by dividing the bush every 3-4 years.

Varieties of bush asters:

  • “Blue Bird.” Very compact bush – up to 25 cm. Excellent asters for decorating garden paths. The tone of the flowers changes unusually – from delicate lilac shades to rich lilac shades;
  • “Venus.” Another common variety is up to 20 cm. You can decorate your terrace beautifully by planting various pots and hanging planters. Asters bloom for a month, starting in September, color: blue, pink;
  • Royal Ruby. Luxurious purple asters. Ideal for bouquets and pots and for decorating rock gardens. It blooms from September until the cold season;
  • “Dwarf Nancy.” It grows up to 25-30 cm; the flowers have a lilac shade. Lovely asters, they will delight you around the borders, perfect for composition.

It is the Variety of flowers that we have described today. You can plant both perennials and annuals. Just for the first one, choose the right places right away.

Astra is a beautiful flower. Nothing exotic, but not a single flower bed in our front gardens can do without it. Its beautiful flowers of varied shades delight us with long and warm autumn until the first snowfalls. Perennial Astra is a herbaceous plant with small leaves and flowers that bloom in late summer. Peonies and chrysanthemums resemble her and are, therefore, often confused.

The flowers are: Creeping Jenny Growing Information Ground Cover 2023

  • White;
  • Burgundy;
  • Lilac;
  • Pink;
  • Purple.

Depending on the Variety, the height varies from 20 cm to 150 cm.

This plant has wide varieties that have different bush heights and flower coloration. As a result, by mixing and selecting types, you can create a beautiful flower bed that will delight us with its bloom throughout the fall.

Creeping Jenny Growing Information Ground Cover 2023

A variety of colors allows the aster to take a leading position in popularity in landscape design.

stunted perennial

Among the great variety of perennial Asters, a group of stunted dwarfs stands out. They grow to a height of 20 cm; with their help, rock gardens and the edges of various ridges and flower beds are formed.

When the flowers bloom, the little bush is completely covered with flowers, so even the greenery is almost invisible.

Gardeners appreciate the view. For excellent frost resistance, it will be necessary to cover them with spruce branches only in the northern regions of Russia, where there are severe and prolonged frosts.

Instead, there is a variety of Chinese Callistephus. The Variety is also an annual, as it blooms from mid-summer to October.

Pink

Pink shades of flowers can also have Alpine Asters, New Belgians, and other types of perennial asters. All of them differ in the flowering period and the height of the bush.

Bush

Shrub – a perennial species, grows into a compact bush about 50 cm tall. The homeland of the species is recognized. North America. Flowering occurs in September and lasts until the first frost.

Flower shades:

  • White
  • purple

White

White perennial is also not the name of the species, as wide varieties of Alpine and Italian perennial Astra species bloom with white flowers.

Alpine

A common variety with an early flowering period. Astra is native to the Alps. The height of an adult bush is 30 cm. In sunny areas, it can grow about 15 cm. It is often planted at the forefront of the flower bed or along garden paths.

Flowers blooming on a bush have the following parameters:

Italian

This perennial Astra grows to a height of 60 cm and represents this species planted in the middle of flower beds. Its inflorescences are reminiscent of chamomile flowers and have a diameter of up to 4 cm and light purple color of petals.

If it weren’t for the purple petals, the Italian would be a copy of chamomile. New England: high view

Tall grows up to 150 cm tall. Therefore, it is planted with a tapeworm in the center of the flower bed, with several varieties. Flower buds are collected in dense brushes of 25 pieces, and the diameter of a single flower reaches 4 cm.

Color tones:

  • White;
  • Pink;
  • Purple.

Landing

For the flower bed to look beautiful and pleasing to the eye, it is essential to choose suitable varieties of Asters and plant them correctly. All procedures are simple, but they must be followed for the perennial to please with its flowering.

How to choose a place to land

For the bushes to grow well and not get sick, and in the fall, they are entirely covered with flower buds, you need to choose the right place on the flower bed. The soil in the area allocated for perennial Asters should be sufficiently loose and nutritious.

Check the quality of the soil BEFORE planting. Otherwise, the flower may hurt and grow poorly.

Complex fertilizers should be applied before planting if the soil is poor in trace elements.

Before planting the rhizomes of the plant, humus cannot be introduced since unrotted humus will provoke the development of Fusarium.

The place should be sunny, but the flowers easily tolerate penumbra or the lacy shade of a tree’s foliage.

If in the garden, the groundwater is very close to the surface of the soil, then when planting, a 10 cm gravel pillow is made to prevent the rotting of the root system of the plant.

how to sow seeds

Perennial Astra reproduces well by sowing seeds. To do this, untreated seeds are treated with any growth stimulants and fungicides, after which they are planted in prepared boxes up to 10 cm deep, filled with nutritious soil.

For the rows to be even, they can be made with a knife or wooden ruler. The depth of planting seeds in the ground should not be more profound than 2 cm.

After placing the seeds in the prepared grooves, they are sprinkled with a small layer of disinfected (calcined) sand. After that, the earth must be poured with a pink solution of potassium permanganate, preventing the seedlings from becoming infected with “black leg.”

The seedling box is covered with glass or placed in a transparent bag to form greenhouse conditions for the seedlings to sprout more friendly.

The air temperature in the room where the seedlings are grown should be +20 degrees. When most germinated seedlings appear, the glass is removed, and the first watering is carried out.

what time to grow

The end of March is the best time to start sowing Perennial Aster for seedlings. If it is necessary to propagate seeds by immediately sowing seeds in open ground, then this period depends on the habitat of the gardener.

In the southern regions of Russia, they are planted in open ground, depending on weather conditions, in early April and covered with a film to create greenhouse conditions. In the Moscow region, sowing seeds begins on the first days of May since the frosts can also be at the end of May.

The seeds can be sown in the fall before winter, but they must be covered with peat, protecting them from freezing.

How seedlings are grown

For the seedlings not to stretch too much, it is necessary to take them to a more relaxed room, where the air temperature will be about 16 degrees Celsius. The room must be sunny.

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Timely rotation of seedlings to the light ensures their correct development.

The seedlings must turn back relative to the sun to develop evenly from all sides.

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Do not forget to water quickly, preventing the young seedlings from drying out.

Basic rules of care

For evergreen shrubs to please their owner, they must be cared for. Here are some wishes that must be fulfilled when growing the plant.

Irrigation

Any Aster and perennials are also fairly drought-tolerant plants. But for the flowering to be lush during the summer, it is necessary to regularly water the plant. But they should not be flooded; therefore, when there is no rain, they are watered for many years, once every ten days.

Without moisture, the bush will turn yellow and drop foliage.

Temperature

Temperature doesn’t matter, but the plant does well at an average temperature of 28 degrees Celsius. Astra goes into a sleep state if the air temperature drops to +5 degrees or rises above 35 degrees. Naturally, the root system does not develop, and flower buds do not set.

fertilizers

The plant requires three feedings during the growing season. Of course, they can live without additional conditions, but fertilizing the flower will lead to a more lush flower and beautiful bush form.

All top dressing should be done only after watering; this will save the plant’s root system.

diseases and pests

Fusarium: This disease is not treated; all perennial Asters infected with this disease are destroyed off-site. But the disease can be prevented by doing prevention:

  1. Do not fertilize soil intended for planting Asters with manure.
  2. The ground is limed, which reduces its acidity.

Fusarium is dangerous not only for asters – this disease is among the most hazardous for various plants. For example, we already wrote about this in the section.

Incurability makes Fusarium one of the most dangerous enemies of asters

Rust on veneer plates is raised at the container’s bottom. Diseased plants are destroyed, and the rest are treated with the drug “Hom.”

Sometimes aphids and onion bugs can be seen in the bushes; these pests can be easily destroyed if you dilute one Iskra tablet in a bucket of water.

It is worth starting the treatment of a diseased plant immediately after discovering the disease.

Flower propagation methods

In addition to seed propagation of perennial Asters, there are more straightforward ways:

  1. The division of an adult bush.
  2. cuttings

Bush division is the easiest way, which should propagate a perennial. The best time for this is spring. Division of an adult bush can be done once every four years, and this time is enough for the divided brush to acquire many roots and branches on the frontier.

Therefore, to propagate a bush, you need:

  1. Dig up the old brush.
  2. With a shovel, divide it into parts in which there will be roots and the vegetative mass of the plant.
  3. They are planted in prepared holes and watered so that they take root better.

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Don’t forget to maintain the temperature: create greenhouse conditions with a simple glass jar.

Cuts are made just as easy, as well as the division of the bush. In June, the apical cuttings are cut and planted in the ground where the sun does not shine. It is worth covering greenhouse conditions with a three-liter glass jar.

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Watering is done as the soil dries. It spends Its first winter under a jar, and in the spring, they remove it and transplant young bushes to their place of permanent growth.

Perennial Astra is a natural plant that deserves its place in the garden on flower beds. Since an autumn garden is not conceivable without it, following simple rules for caring for it, you can observe all its beauty when it blooms against the background of yellowing foliage.

Asters are one of the most sought-after and well-known flowers in flower beds. Asters are loved because they bloom throughout summer, revealing color well into mid-autumn.

Alpine aster varieties

The alpine aster is an early flowering plant that begins to delight the eye with a riot of color in early May. Varieties of this aster are low, up to 40 cm, and most of all, they resemble chamomile. Alpine asters bloom for about a month, and they are small flowers up to 6 cm in diameter, usually one flower per stem. These varieties are cold-hardy.

Important! Before planting asters, please select a suitable site for them; flowers do not tolerate wet or often flooded soil. Due to excess moisture, the aster gets sick with powdery mildew and dies.

This Variety grows into a dense bush with many elongated leaves, up to 40 cm; this is an alpine white, semi-double aster, up to 3 cm in diameter. Snow-white petals are shaped like a bird’s tongue; tubular petals are yellow.

Sky-blue chamomile up to 4 cm in diameter, a bright yellow center looks beautiful against the background of blue-blue petals. It will look spectacular against the backdrop of evergreen trees in a single planting or combination with white and yellow flowers.

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Another bright representative of the Variety of perennial asters. Against the background of elongated leaves densely strung on the stem, delicate purple flowers. Goliath blooms for about a month. It is used to decorate alpine slides and rockeries.

Aster is a perennial shrub with fluffy inflorescence of these daisies about 3 cm in diameter, with tongue-shaped petals of dark purple color. The plant is frost-resistant; it will look good in a composition with other flowers or as a frame at the foot of an alpine hill.

One of the long-flowering bush asters – has a flowering period of about three months. It blooms in June. Flowers are medium-sized, pale pink with reed petals. Tubular brown petals.

new Belgian asters

Represented by bushes with many branches, some have almost bare stems, while others, on the contrary, have many leaves. In some varieties, the petals cover the center, giving the flower a ruffled appearance. The bush grows up to one and a half meters, with many flowers on the stem. Mostly lilac-lilac shades, less often pink and red colors.

The meter-high bushes bloom for just over a month. The cane petals are painted dark purple with a yellow tubular center. More than six semi-double flowers per stem.

This new Variety of Belgian asters is beautiful in bouquets and flower arrangements. The lush and abundant flowering looks impressive in a single planting and group. Blooms with medium bright pink flowers.

A lush bush up to a meter high blooms for more than a month. Thanks to the purple color of its inflorescences, it looks beautiful against the background of bright greenery.

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Blue asters up to a meter high. The flowers are semi-double, up to 4 cm in diameter. Blooms for about a month, flowers with reed petals arranged in several rows.

The height of this sprawling bush is up to one and a half meters. Inflorescences are lush, 4 cm in diameter, with blue petals. It blooms for about a month, sometimes a little less.

Did you know In ancient times, people believed that the smell of burning aster leaves repels snakes from their homes? Almost every nation has an aster with its symbolism:

  • The Greeks used the aster as a protective amulet.
  • Hungarians consider the aster a symbol of autumn.
  • The Chinese give the flower the meaning of precision and infallibility.
  • The Japanese believed that the aster conducive to reflection.

In France, the aster is a symbol of sorrow and was placed on the graves of dead soldiers.

Varieties of the New England aster.

This species is united by several features: vigorous bushes with straight stems; the shoots are thick, lignified, and more than one and a half meters high. Inflorescences are located mainly in the upper part of the bush. These are fall perennial aster varieties that bloom pretty late.

Attention! When caring for this species, it is recommended to plant bushes every five years, dividing the rhizome. The soil must be nutritious, watering, and fertilizing. – regular.

Branched shrub more than a meter high, it blooms in September. Lilac-violet inflorescences are collected in lush brushes. These asters are good in a bouquet in compositions with other flowers, just as bright but of a different shade. The bush looks beautiful as a low flower hedge or ornamental shrub.

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Astra New England with violet-red flowers up to 4 cm in diameter. A one-and-a-half-meter beauty ennobles flower beds with its inflorescences in the middle of autumn. Blooms up to a month.

A branchy bush dotted with leaves grows up to 140 cm, there are many deep pink inflorescences on the stem, and the diameter of the basket is up to 4 cm. Variety to make romantic and delicate bouquets or dilute compositions of darker colors.

The height of the bush is one and a half meters, and the flowers are significant; they seem to be terry, of an unusual shade of carmine. Blooms in autumn bloom for up to a month.

Varieties of bush asters.

Shrub asters are represented by different types and colors, from pale blue to purple flowers and from yellow to maroon asters. They have a compact shape that facilitates formative pruning, allowing the bush to maintain a decorative appearance before and after the flowering period. It is desirable to rejuvenate the bushes by dividing the roots every three to four years.

‘Blue Bird’ is a small shrub up to 25cm, perfect for borders or as a centerpiece amongst even smaller flowers and ornamental greenery. The color of the petals changes from sky blue to lilac.

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Dwarf shrub of about 20 cm, suitable for hanging compositions, as a frame for flower beds, or in outdoor pots. The flowers bloom in September with a purple-pink tint; they continue to bloom for a month.

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Aster garden (Chinese) is an annual or biennial flowering plant, which is also called garden calistemma (Chinese) or Chinese Callistephus ( Callistephus chinensis ). The plant belongs to the dicotyledonous class, the astrocolor order, the aster family, and the genus Callistephus ( Calisto ).

This genus is very close to the genus Astra ( Aster ). Translated from Latin, the word “Callistephus” means “beautiful crown” – this is the name that the French botanist Antoine Jussier gave this flower in the middle of the 18th century when he first saw a blooming miracle on the flowerbed from Paris. Botanical Garden.

Astra Garden (Chinese) – description, characteristics, photo

The root system of Chinese Callistephus is fibrous and branched, mainly located at a depth of 15-20 cm. Damaged roots are very quickly restored.

The complex, erect stems of the garden aster are green, sometimes reddish, and usually very bushy, depending on the Variety, reaching a height of 20 to 100 centimeters. The stem of the plant is covered with short hairs and longitudinal grooves on the surface of the stem.

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The leaves of the garden aster are alternate, dark green; in some varieties, the leaf plate is slightly pubescent. The leaves located in the lower third of the stem are larger. The length of the oval-rhombic leaf blade is 3-7 cm with a width of 3-5 cm, and the tip of the leaf is pointed. The leaves are smaller in the upper part of the Callistephus stem, with large denticles along the edge, oblong. Both the upper and lower leaves along the midrib and near the edge of the winged petiole, which is 3–7 cm long, are ciliated. The number of leaves on the main stem varies from 6 to 19 pieces and depends on the cultivar.

The inflorescence of the annual Chinese aster is a basket consisting of numerous tubular and reed petals of the most diverse colors and varying degrees of duplicity. In some varieties, the inflorescence reaches 18-20 cm in diameter, but aster varieties with a basket size of 3-11 cm are more common. The middle of the flower is almost always bright yellow.

The basket is located individually, decorating the main stem and the tops of the side shoots. The outer part of the basket is protected by an envelope of many oblong leaves (the outer ones are green, the inner ones are colorless, film-like).

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The reed flowers of garden asters are female, with three prongs at the top, and can come in various colors and shapes: spatula, ribbon, boat, tube, or curl. In non-double sorts of Callistephus, reed flowers are located along the edge of the basket in one row and semi-double and double varieties – are in several rows. Also, in terry asters, tubular flowers are entirely “hidden” under reed ones.

The tubular flowers of the annual Callistephus are located in the middle of the basket, forming a disc of various diameters. They are usually small, painted bright yellow, although some varieties of garden asters are pretty large (up to 1 centimeter long) and can be identical in color to the canes. Tubular flowers are bisexual; their petals are fused. Both the tubular and red flowers of the garden aster have tufts of fine hairs in their structure, which help the plant’s seeds to spread by self-seeding with the help of gusts of wind.

The fruit of Callistephus is achene, which, depending on the group of varieties, can have different sizes and shapes. Most of the time, it is pointed at a cone.

Where does Chinese Callistephus grow?

The birthplace of the Chinese Callistephus, of course, is China. Still, today the garden aster is grown not only in Asian countries but also in regions with a colder climate, which was made possible through the hard work of breeders and thanks to the numerous varieties. Varieties emerged as a result of his career. The Chinese aster has become the favorite decoration of flower beds and lawns of Russian flower growers. It is grown in the Baltic countries and the Far East, in Mongolia and Korea, and it is widespread in Bulgaria and the Czech Republic; it is also felt OK in Central America, but for some reason, not very popular with local flower growers.

Classification of asters and varieties.

Today, there are about 4000 varieties of garden asters, forming more than 40 variety groups. Also, the number of new types increases significantly every year thanks to breeders.

To facilitate classification, asters are distinguished by several characteristic features: among the varieties in the classifications, there are annual and perennial asters

plant height:

  • Dwarf asters rarely grow more than 25 cm tall (varieties Gnome, Zaryevo, Snow Pearls, Tanechkin Bouquet, Triumph, Milady, Ballad, Granddaughter Anyutka, Granddaughter Katyusha, Granddaughter Mashenka, Granddaughter Nastenka, Little Queen, World of Dreams, World of Luxury, Music Box, Field of Miracles, Rhythm of Life, Pinocchio);
  • undersized asters, not exceeding 35-40 cm in height (Vologda lace, Summer, Baby curb, Autumn Olympics, Dwarf, Glow, Star Pearls, Snow Pearls, Talovchanka, Ribbon, Silver Miracle, Feuerkugel, Dwarf royal hot varieties) pink);
  • medium asters growing no more than 65 cm tall (varieties Snow White, Daria, Dragon, Eurasia, Bride, Spectacular, Isadora, Alice, Assol, Belaya Nika, Blue Hoarfrost, Marina, Night Star, Naina, Smile, Anniversary White, White Ball, Raspberry Ball, Lada, Morning Mist, Pampushka, Rita);
  • tall asters, reaching 80 cm in height (varieties Russian Beauty, Youth, Blue Hoarfrost, Katyusha, Nadezhda, Nata, Cloud, Beretta, Violetta, Juvel, Quartz Tower, Changeable Blue, Krallen, Pink Crystal, Lady Coral, Madeleine, Royal Peonies);
  • Giant asters are growing by more than 80 cm (varieties Symphony, Royal, Cut, Apricot King, Apollonia, White King, Pink King, Matador, and King size).

Bush form:

  • pyramidal bushes (aster varieties Night Star, Smile, Galina, Nata, Cloud, Suliko, Komilfo, Tourmaline, Queen in Red, Queen in Blue, Lilliput, Ambria);
  • columnar bushes (aster varieties Snow White, Birch, Daria, Eurasia, Isadora, Assol, Belaya Nika, Marina, Blue Hoarfrost, Naina, Sashenka, Tanechkin Bouquet, Timiryazevka, White Ball, Katyusha, Katenka, Raspberry Ball, Morning Haze, Khavskaya Silvery);
  • oval bushes (Aster varieties Apollo, Waldersee, Sadness, Edelweiss, Snowball, Beauty Heart, Martian, Maxi, Pink Scatter, Ruddy Sun, Khavsky Bouquet);
  • wide-spreading shrubs;
  • Broad and dense bushes.

By flowering time:

  • Early asters begin to bloom in July. From germination to flowering, 83-106 days pass (Salome Brik-red, Midi, California blue, Woodland Star, Carmen, Kirkvel, Summer Night, Raspberry Ball, Odarka, Polina, Roksolana, Ruby Stars, Sofia, Sasha varieties);
  • Medium asters, whose flowering period begins in early August. From germination to the beginning of flowering, 107-120 days pass (Burma, Crimson, Blue Spider, Cloud, Heart of France, Samantha, and Russian Beauty varieties);
  • Late asters with the start of mass flowering in late August. From germination to flowering, 121-131 days pass. (Varieties Queen, Anastasia, Gray Lady, Niobe, Venus, Oktoberfest, Elephant, Weiser, Violetta, Mount Everest, Beechwood Rivel, Herbert Wunder, Ada Ballard).

According to the nature of the branch:

  • weakly branched;
  • highly branched.

According to the structure of the bush:

  • compact;
  • lanky.

Inflorescence size:

  • small asters (inflorescence diameter less than 4 cm) (Apollo, Waldersee, Zarevo, Oktoberfest, Dick Ballard, Beechwood Rivel, Ada Ballard, Mary Ballard varieties);
  • medium asters (inflorescence diameter 8 cm) (Varieties Belaya Nika, White Ball, Galina, Crimson Ball, Silver Khavskaya, Vologda Laces, Oksana);
  • large asters (inflorescence diameter 9-11 cm) (Snow White, Daria, Zephyr, Bride, Russian Beauty, Spectacular, Youth, Blue Hoarfrost, Marina, Naina, Night Star, Katyusha, Lada, Suliko varieties);
  • Giant asters (inflorescence diameter more than 12 cm) (varieties Isadora, Alice, Woodland Star, Queen of the Market, Unicum, Smile, Bride, Sonnenshine, Comet, Flamingo, California Giant, California Blue, Tien Shan Beauty, Harz Crimson, Aquamarine, Tatyana’s Day).

According to the morphological structure of the inflorescences:

  • tubular varieties – plants with inflorescences composed of tubular flowers;
  • Transitional varieties with inflorescences formed by tubular flowers that include the center and reed flowers that border it;
  • Cane varieties are characterized by the total absence of tubular flowers in the inflorescence or the maximum development of reed flowers visually covering the tubular center.

By the way:

  • Cut varieties (tall-stemmed, long peduncles, and large inflorescences);
  • Decorative varieties (including a dwarf and undersized clump with multiple small inflorescences. It is used to arrange flower beds, flower beds, flower beds, etc.);
  • Universal varieties (include medium-sized, compact bushes with long peduncles and medium-sized inflorescences. They are suitable for cutting and planting in flower beds).

According to the shape of the inflorescences:

  • flat asters (varieties Ada Ballard, Anmut, Beechwood Rivel, Dick Ballard, Corallen Mitteblau, Medallion, Apollo, Waldersee, Sonnenkugel, Sonnenschein, Margarita, Salome Brick-red);
  • flat and round asters (varieties Aurora, Ambria, California blue, Riviera blue, Feuerkugel, Dwarf royal blue, Dwarf royal hot pink, Olympic gold, Excellent gas fort, Excellent Irakli, Camilla, Victoria, Hohenzollern);
  • hemispherical asters (varieties Bride, American bush, Victoria Baum, Radiant Daisy, Early Miracle, Riviera, Triumph, Tubular, Shenheit, Duchess, Glow, Malyshka, Nadezhda, Cloud, Galina, Vologda laces);
  • Globular asters (Martianka, Torch, Snow White, Daria, Zephyr, Russian Beauty, Yunost, Oksana, Odarka, Eurasia, Blauer Turm, Opalfeuer, Roter Turm, Roter Berg, Duchesse Crimson, Duchess Carmia, Rosa Turm).

According to the structure of the inflorescences:

  • simple asters (varieties Anemone, Sonnenkugel, Sonnenschein, Margarita, Salome Brick-red, Pinocchio, Petito, Edelweiss, Salome, Andrella, Rainbow, Madeleine);
  • semi-double asters (Apollo, Anmut, Waldersee, Madeleine, Mignon, Pinnate, Rosette, Rosé-Marie, Oktoberfest, Herbert Wunder, Violetta, White Waldersee, Matsumoto, Rosette varieties);
  • terry asters (varieties Golden Bouquet, Color Mix, Blue Queen, White Queen, Royal Ball, Heart of France, Elegy, Winter Cherry, Olympic Gold, Iseult, Bride, Victoria, Hohenzollern, Ruby Stars, Tanechkin Bouquet);
  • Densely doubled asters (varieties Comilfo, Assol, Bonfire, Milady, Yesenia, Evening Star, Giant Stripes, Tatiana’s Day, Aquamarine, Tourmaline, Pearl, Market Queen, Dolce Vita, Magic Bouquet, Alla Borisovna, Galina Ulanova, Queen de Rosa, Reina de Morado, Camila, Elegía, Red wine).
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Even though there are many options for coloring a garden aster, there is no classification according to this parameter. Annual Chinese asters are white, red, pink, blue, purple, lilac, salmon, yellow, cream, and carmine. There are also two-color asters (Rosa Turm, Rainbow, Contraster, Gray Lady). There are not only green and orange asters.

Garden asters: types, varieties, photos, and names

When varieties are described in various groups, a combination of all the above parameters is generally used. The most common among amateur flower growers are the following varieties of annual and biennial asters:

  • Needle type of Variety is aster bushes of medium and tall, slightly or moderately branched, columnar or pyramidal shape. On one brush, as a rule, there are up to 12 hemispherical terry inflorescences, the diameter of which reaches 10 cm; reed flowers, fused into a kind of hollow needle, form up to 7 adjoining rows along the edge of the inflorescence.
  • The extreme rows are arranged horizontally, and the middle and central ones are directed with the “point” up. The middle, consisting of yellow tubular flowers, is noticeable only after the inflorescence is fully open. Aster flowering, starting in July or August, lasts about 50 days. Unfortunately, these flowers are susceptible to Fusarium disease and require more attentive care. The needle-shaped garden aster is suitable for universal use. Among the Variety, the following types of needle asters are popular:
    • Annual Astra “Lyme” – a related variety with a medium and long flowering period. Flowering time is about 50 days. A plant with a height of 60-65 cm, the flowers are densely double, bright lilac, up to 12-14 cm in diameter.
    • Annual aster “Gala” – a strong and stable bush of a pyramidal shape, up to 70-80 cm high, with dense double inflorescences, the diameter of which can reach 12 cm. Flowering time of asters: from the beginning of August to October. The color of the buds can be quite diverse – from red and pink to beige and purple.

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The Variety is not susceptible to Fusarium.

The Variety has good resistance to Fusarium. Cultivated for cutting.

Sometimes tubular flowers with a light yellow tint are visible in the middle.

The Variety is resistant to Fusarium and adverse weather conditions. A versatile variety, suitable for both cutting and growing in flower beds.

  • Ostrich feather, which is a tall, medium-sized spreading shrub. Up to 22 flat round, terry inflorescences can bloom simultaneously on one plant. Reed flowers, resembling wide ribbons, twist into peculiar curls. The flowers form a lush tuft that visually covers the center. Asters bloom in early August and delight with their beauty for at least two months. The cultivar is used for cutting. The best varieties of asters:
    • Annual Astra “Hel ruby ​​mouth” – a plant 50-65 cm tall with a spreading bush and bright ruby ​​​​flowers up to 13 cm in diameter. Medium-early Variety in terms of flowering, practically unaffected by Fusarium.
    • Annual Astra “White Ostrich Feather” – a variety with wide-spreading bushes, whose height does not exceed 0.65 m, and plush giant hemispherical inflorescences of snow-white color. A characteristic feature of the array is long reed flowers, curled like female curls.

The height of the bushes does not exceed 65 cm. Suitable both for flower beds and for cuttings.

Asters: plant in the open ground and care

Garden aster propagates only by sowing seeds in open ground or seedlings. Regardless of the sowing method, aster seeds must be of good quality, so it is better to buy them in specialized stores.

Preparing seeds for planting

For the seedlings to be strong and healthy, planting material must first be prepared. Several methods give good results:

  • Germination – a simple and effective method to activate the vitality of the seeds. To do this, aster seeds are wrapped in a soft cloth and abundantly moistened with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate. The package should be moistened with a spray bottle to prevent the planting material from drying. A week later, the seeds, together with gauze, are placed in a plastic bag and brought to a room with a temperature of about +22 ° C. After two or three days, the aster seeds can be planted in the soil.
  • Dipping – a more accelerated method that allows you to plant seeds in seedling containers after 10 hours. They are immersed in pale pink potassium permanganate or succinic acid solution to do this. This measure will make the seeds more resistant to possible diseases.

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Depending on weather conditions, aster seedlings should be grown from the last days of March to the second week of April. It makes it possible to admire the beautiful blooming inflorescences at the end of July.

substratum

Using purchased soil with a high content of peat as a substrate is desirable after mixing it with a bit of calcined coarse sand. However, you can prepare the landing ground for asters yourself. To do this, mix ordinary soil taken from the garden, peat, or humus with sand in a ratio of 3/1/0.5. After that, wood ash is added to the resulting substrate and thoroughly mixed again. To disinfect the resulting soil and exclude the infection of aster seedlings with fungal diseases, it must be calcined in the oven for 1-2 hours or poured with a hot solution of highly concentrated potassium permanganate (dark cherry color).

Plant aster seeds for seedlings.

A seedbox about 7 cm deep or special cassettes is filled with a prepared substrate, which is abundantly moistened. Then, using a match or toothpick, holes or grooves are made on its surface with a depth of not more than 0.5 cm, into which germinated, or soaked aster seeds are carefully placed. From above, the surface is sprinkled with a thin layer of fine peat or calcined sand.

To accelerate the germination of seedlings and prevent the substrate from drying out quickly, the containers are covered with plastic or glass wrap and brought to a room with a temperature of about 20-22 ° C. Periodically, the surface of the soil It must be watered with a spray gun to maintain the necessary humidity inside the mini greenhouse.

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After a maximum of 9 days, shoots will appear, after which the covering material is removed, and the containers with seedlings are transferred to a more fabulous room with a temperature of + 15-17 ° C. As the dries the substrate, watering is carried out. , avoiding waterlogging.

After the appearance of three true leaves on the aster seedlings, the seedlings dive. For this, you can use both special containers and small disposable cups. Adding a bit of universal fertilizer to the soil is advisable for picking up the seedlings and preparing the holes. The substrate in the seedling container is pre-moistened to facilitate digging and prevent root damage.

A submerged aster seedling is placed in the hole so that the lower leaves are at least one centimeter above the surface of the substrate. The transplanted aster is watered, trying not to touch the plant’s leaves. Planted plants are placed in a bright, warm room with a temperature of less than 20 ° C. If the room is illuminated by direct sunlight, light shades are placed so as not to cause sunburn on the leaves of a young plant.

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