16 How to Grow & Care for Nepeta or Catmint Plant Tips 2022

16 How to Grow & Care for Nepeta or Catmint Plant Tips 2022

After planting the seeds, you must choose a sunny place to locate the plant. In addition, you should be aware that cataria Nepeta or Catmint requires frequent watering and a lot of drainages to prevent excess water from rotting its roots leading to the death of the plant.

Nepeta or Catmint is a genus of flowering plants in the family of Lamiaceae. The genus name is reportedly in reference to Nepeta, an ancient Etruscan city. There are about 250 species. The genus is native to Europe, Asia, and Africa, and has also been naturalized in North America.

  • Scientific name: Nepeta
  • Family: Lamiaceae
  • Subfamily: Nepetoideae
  • Order: Lamiales
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How to grow catnip

Catnip is a garden herb part of the mints family and is best known for being a stimulant for cats. If you have cats around your yard, it’s a good idea to learn how to grow catnip to make your yard cat-friendly! A perennial herb, catnip, can also make calming teas and are a perfect addition to any garden. Catnip can be grown either from small plants or directly from seeds. Read on to learn how to grow catnip in your garden.

Grow Catnip Sow catnip:

  • If you are growing catnip from seed, you must first prepare the roots. Catnip seeds need to be stratified Appropriately before they can germinate.
  • Put the seeds in the refrigerator overnight and then put them in a bowl of water for 24 hours.
  • Once the 24 hours have passed, you can sow the seeds outdoors or in pots.
  • Sharpen them to a plant by 20 inches after germinating.
  • Each plant should be spaced 18-20 inches apart.
  • Sow in soil that drains well and has full sun.
  • Catnip does not need to be fertilized as long as it is watered regularly.
  • Make sure to remove the flowers before they become seeds. Otherwise, catnip can become invasive in your garden.

Watch out:

  • Catnip doesn’t need a lot of care.
  • Make sure the soil breaks well, and the plants get full sun.
  • If it’s not raining, water the catnip plants once a week.

Now that you know how to grow catnip, it’s time to roll your orders and start planting!

So, are you interested in growing catnip, a hardy, and easy-to-grow perennial herb?

It is commonly known as the “catnip plant”. Nepeta or Catmint cataria is one of the best mosquito repellent plants and a member of the mint family.

Cats find its smell addictive, so if you grow catnip in your herb garden, expect a lot of cats in your neighborhood to play with this plant. Its spicy fragrance excites and attracts cats. Another Nepata is commonly known as Nepeta or Catmint; Nepeta or Catmint Mussinnii generally does not attract cats.

The leaves of catnip plants work like marijuana for cats and have a thick, elliptical to triangular tooth shape. In addition to attracting cats to your yard, the leaves and other parts of catnip can be used by anyone for various purposes.

Naturalized in North America, catnip plants grow to 3′-4′ feet with soft, light green foliage. Produces small lavender flowers on spikes up to 5″ long [one]

Tips for Growing Nepeta or Catmint Plant Care

With proper growth and care of your catnip plant, you will quickly grow catnip and help it produce more flowers.

While planting the catnip, till the soil to a depth of 3 ″ to 4 ″ inches and add one ″ of compost, work the compost into the topsoil. Catnip does well in many soils but prefers moderately rich, well-draining loamy soil.

Plant catnip seedlings 15 ″ to 18 ″ inches apart with the seeds lightly covered. Water the seeds lightly after planting; keep the soil moist during the growing season.

16 How to Grow & Care for Nepeta or Catmint Plant Tips 2022

Is catnip a perennial?

Perennial catnip grows in a soil pH range of 6 (slightly acidic) to 7.5 (slightly alkaline). Seeds germinate in 7-10 days but can sprout in as little as 5-6 in propagating media such as oasis root buckets.

When grown outdoors in USDA zones 3a through 9b, catnip prefers full sun to partial shade. They can grow indoors under standard fluorescent lights and perform exceptionally well under high-performance T5 fluorescent plant grow lights.

Why do cats love catnip?

Ever wonder why cats roll around catnip leaves?

It is due to the active ingredient called nepetalactone. When cats smell this substance from leaves or stems, it stimulates their receptors that detect pheromones. Because of this, cats experience a tremendous amount of happiness. Some will roll over while licking the catnip leaves, while others will smell it.

Nepeta or Catmint works as a mild feline hallucinogen. However, it does not pose any danger to cats. Catnip contains the same properties as male cat urine. It can make feline friends appear to be in heat.

Some pet owners use catnip to keep their cats indoors. First, dry the catnip leaves by hanging or drying them. Then, they sprinkle dried catnip leaves on an old pillow, cushion, or sock, turning it into a homemade catnip toy. You can also use fresh catnip leaves as it provides more excitement.

Watering catnip

Water young plants twice a week for the first two weeks, reduce watering to every other week after plants are well established. The plant is drought tolerant and can withstand heat as it ages. During dry catnip season and hot temperatures, increase watering to once a week or more if necessary.

Fertilizing the catnip plant

Feed catnip with a water-soluble fertilizer every two weeks. Begin fertilizing the soil two weeks after planting and continue through the first week of the summer season. Suspend fertilization during the fall and winter, as the plants will not use the nutrients. Follow label directions for proper application.

Mulch application

Apply a 1 to 2-inch layer of mulch around the base of the plant in late fall before the first frost. Mulch helps plants survive low temperatures. Remove the mulch layer in early spring as soon as new growth emerges. Hay, bark, or leaf mold works well for shredding catnip. [3]

Grass pruning

Pinch off spent catnip blossoms to prevent self-seeding. After flowering, catnip becomes sparse and needs to be trimmed.

Prune after the first bloom to encourage a second bloom before the winter season. Cut Nepeta or Catmint plants to 3 “or 4” inches after the first frost. It helps promote healthy new growth during the spring.

Propagate catnip

In addition to seeds, you can propagate catnip through stem tip cuttings during spring and summer. [4]

  • Use 3-4 inch long stem cuttings.
  • Remove all sheets except the top two or four.
  • To encourage branching, pinch the cut at the tip.
  • Dip the end in rooting hormone and place in rooting medium.
  • Keep the soil and cuttings moist. Keep an eye on them for a week or two.
  • It takes about five days for the cuttings to start showing roots in the soil.

Plant pests and diseases

Cat pinch plants are susceptible to spider mites and whiteflies. Since the herb comes from the mint family, it is prone to diseases like peppermint rust, anthracnose, and verticillium wilt. [5]

Catnip Uses

The herb is often taken as a tea to calm an upset stomach and aid sleep. It is also used medicinally to treat:

  • Headaches
  • Cough
  • Insomnia
  • Smallpox
  • scarlet fever
16 How to Grow & Care for Nepeta or Catmint Plant Tips 2022
16 How to Grow & Care for Nepeta or Catmint Plant Tips 2022

Studies have also shown that it is a natural healing quality when applied to cuts. Other medicinal uses are such:

  • Astringent
  • Antibiotic
  • For toothache

And much more.

However, the primary uses of catnip are for culinary or medicinal purposes. Catnip tea serves as a mild sedative, especially when combined with peppermint, chamomile, and lemon balm. [6] [7]

Catnip is also used for gardening as a ground cover and is considered a mosquito and insect repellent plant. Extracts from the plant can be used to create essential oils. Catnip oil also repels roaches, dust mites, deer mites, and ticks.

Apart from cats and many cats, the effect of catnip can also attract bees, butterflies and birds.

Catnip Precautions

Catnip is considered an invasive plant or a noxious weed in some areas.

Plant self-sowing, remove flowers to reduce volunteer seedlings next season.

Pregnant women should avoid catnip as it induces dangerous uterine contractions.

Plant and care for Fassen catnip, which grows from seed. Varieties and types of catnip Catman from Fasten. Plant and leave

Catman from Fasten. Plant and leave

  1. Nepeta or Catmint faassenii (Fassen’s catnip) is one of the most common types of catnip characterized by its aromatic and long-lasting bloom. In appearance, it looks like a lavender bush with purple-blue flowers.
  2. This type of catnip appeared due to the crossing of Neptella and Mussini catnip. The plant reaches a height of up to 60 cm. , the leaves are greyish-green, the inflorescences can be lavender, blue, lilac shades, sometimes light shades are found.
  3. Gardeners often combine it with roses and bulbous plants (tulips, peonies, daffodils).
  4. You can plant and grow this perennial almost anywhere in the garden; it is unpretentious. But, if you want to delight him with lush flowering every year, I need to know a few rules :
    1. For planting, select sunny places and calcareous soils.
    2. Provide the plant with a thick drainage layer of large fragments; catnip does not like stagnant moisture.
    3. After flowering, the shoots of the plant are cut approximately in half. This will ensure abundant flowering in the future.
    4. Catnip reproduces by dividing shrubs, seeds, or cuttings. The seeds are sown in April in containers or in May in open ground. Cutting and dividing are done in the spring.

Popular types of Fascia

  1. Among all the varieties of catnip from Fasten in Russia, Three :
    1. “Six Hills Giant” grows to 60 cm, has rich blue inflorescences, blooms from May to September. Often planted with onions or ornamental primroses, using abundant flowering will hide the wilted foliage of these plants. It is also often planted with roses.
    2. “Blue Wonder” – plants up to 20 cm tall with dense, bright blue inflorescences, blooming from June to September. The main advantage of this variety, with which it conquers all gardeners, is a bright blue shade. You can achieve a “blue river” effect by planting low shrubs along paths or alleys. Catnip proliferates and does not require careful maintenance.
    3. “Walker’s Low” is a variety of catnip; its stems reach a height of 60 cm, the inflorescences are lavender, it blooms twice a year: in May and September. In landscape design, they are used in alpine slides and flower beds. It can be planted almost anywhere.
  2. Fassen’s cat man is an ornamental plant, which, unlike other varieties, has no medicinal properties.

Blue carpet

  1. Blue catnip carpet poses in the romantic garden atmosphere. Your choice to create flower beds, rockeries, curbs can be grown in pots and garden pots.
  2. This plant has a pleasant and rich aroma, combining lemon, rose, geranium, lavender, and lemon notes.
  3. It is customary to grow blue carpet. Only on the southern strip can the seedling method be planted directly in open ground. For the plant to grow safely and bloom profusely, a sunny place is chosen. Watering is moderate; if desired, you can use mineral fertilizers.
  4. Catnip Blue rug is winter-tolerant; it doesn’t need to be covered. The only exception is if the plant is diseased and enters the winter period weakened. In this case, the soil is crushed and covered until winter.

Catman Mussini

  1. This type of catnip reaches a height of 40 cm. The leaves of Mussini’s catnip are greyish-green or green, small, oblong. It grows in the Caucasus on stony and stony slopes, distributed from the lower belt to the subalpine.
  2. The plant is unpretentious but demanding on soil moisture and bright light. It does not tolerate shade and high levels of humidity. It is often used in extensive rock gardens.
  3. Catnip is a natural but bright and elegant plant, often used in landscape design. Depending on the variety of catnip, it is planted in rock gardens, on curbs and flower beds, and sometimes with their help. Garden plot decorated with “blue rivers”. It is pretty easy to grow catnip; the main thing is to consider all the rules before planting.

Many gardeners dream of growing flowers and plants in their garden that need practically no care, and at the same time, invariably delight. Beautiful flowering The well-known catnip is one of them. It is unpretentious but requires some care. More on the features of growing catnip in the open ground: planting, maintenance, disease, reproduction (photos and detailed instructions are attached).

Catnip: description, characteristics of the plant.

Catnip is a perennial herb. Among the wide variety of catnip species (more than 200), catnip stands out especially, or as it is also called “catnip”. The plant can be found almost everywhere: its delicate, pleasant aroma can be felt in the meadows, in the forest, on garden plots, in the mountains, and even among the undergrowth.

Catnip is a tall, reasonably strong plant, reaching a height of 1 m. Outwardly, it is very similar to a common mint. The leaves are well pubescent, have an elongated shape, and are distinguished by a greenish-grey tint.

Catnip flowers with spike-shaped inflorescences can be presented in various shades: white, pink, light purple and blue. Catnip bloom begins with the arrival of summer and continues through early fall.

16 How to Grow & Care for Nepeta or Catmint Plant Tips 2022
16 How to Grow & Care for Nepeta or Catmint Plant Tips 2022

Many people know the catnip called catnip.

Catnip is considered an excellent honey plant, and we are also very fond of cats. The plant contains many essential oils and is actively used in folk medicine.

Tip. Catnip can be used as a means of normalizing the nervous system and is an excellent pain reliever (for headaches and toothaches), a remedy for scabies, asthma, and other ailments.

The subtleties of growing plants in the open ground

Catnip is a reasonably straightforward plant, but it does require some subtleties when growing. More on this later.

Site selection and planting in the ground

The place for planting catnip must be chosen very carefully: it must necessarily be dry, with constant access to sunlight, even or located on a hill with well-drained soil (to avoid the possibility of stagnation of water).

A dry, sunny location is perfect for catnip.

Preparing the soil for planting a plant should be done in advance (traditionally, in the fall). Initially, the ground on the site selected for planting is completely cleared of weeds, and nutritious organic fertilizers are immediately applied (humus, compost are suitable). In the absence of organic matter, mineral complexes are perfect.

Tip. Unlike most plants, catnip does not tolerate fertile soils very well; therefore, when choosing a suitable site, preference should be given to light, loose sandstone with deep groundwater.

Catnip can be planted using the seed or seedling method. Gardeners prefer the second option. Growing seedlings is a reasonably straightforward process,

 At the end of March, it is necessary to sow seeds of preselected and treated plants in small containers with prepared soil. Try not to deepen the roots too deep, a maximum of 1 cm. Immediately after planting the seeds, the soil must be carefully moistened with a spray bottle and covered with plastic.

A couple of weeks after sowing the seeds, when the first greens appear on the surface, immediately remove the polyethylene and place the pots in a well-lit place—local sun rays. The seedlings will only need high-quality watering (don’t overdo it, the top layer of soil should have time to dry out).

Landing in open ground is carried out on a previously spongy basis. In this case, the distance between the seedlings should be about 0.3 m.

Perennial flowering plants

  • Sage
  • Allium
  • Beebalms
  • Russian sage
  • Lavender
  • Yarrows
  • Vervain

Plant care

To enjoy the luxurious appearance of flowers with a delicate aroma during the flowering period, it is necessary to carry out a set of plant care measures, including:

The dressing will allow the plant to bloom more lushly.

  • Watering Catnip perfectly tolerates the prolonged absence of humidity and extreme temperatures. The plant is more afraid of excess water in the soil; therefore, in no case should it be watered frequently and abundantly. Otherwise, the roots of the catnip will begin to rot. In the absence of rain, it is enough to water the plant a couple of times a month.
  • The best dress. The plant should be fed twice a year: in the spring – with nitrogen fertilizers, in the fall – with organic matter.
  • Soil care. Remove weeds and loosen the soil two to three times a season. You can also add peat mulch.
  • I was pruning a plant. For July, during active growth, it is advisable to prune the catnip. Withered inflorescences are necessarily removed (this will help activate the development of new ones in late summer).

Tip. Cut vegetables can be dried and used for cooking; catnip is considered a giant herb. But for the dried plant to give culinary dishes a Unique aroma, it is essential to store it correctly (in small portions in paper bags).

Control of pests and diseases

Catnip is a plant with excellent immunity and high resistance to the “activity” of pests. And some can even scare away (for example, aphids or bed bugs). The delicate lemon scent of catnip can indeed attract butterflies or aphids, which actively lay eggs on the plant, and the hatched larvae, in turn, are extremely dangerous for it. It is best to use natural remedies for pest control as the chemistry can drive away pollinating bees.

As for diseases, we can safely speak about the almost absolute immunity of the plant to their effects. At the very least, experienced gardeners assure that the plant will not fear any disease if the agricultural technique of growing catnip is fully observed.

Breeding catnip

Catnip reproduces effectively in three ways: by seeds, seedlings, and dividing the bush. Let’s consider each one in detail. If you plan to grow a plant by direct sowing in the open ground, you need to know one important point: with this method of planting, catnip will bloom only in the second year of life.

Young catnip bush

Sowing of seeds is carried out shallow, no more than 1 cm. In this case, the soil should be moist, but it is undesirable to water it after sowing since tiny seeds can wash off. It is advisable to leave space between the rows (at least 0.3 m) since catnip is fond of freedom. It is essential, if necessary, to thin the young seedlings (the distance between them should be 3 cm or more).

Growing seedlings is a more efficient and reliable method. The seeds perfectly tolerate greenhouse conditions. The sowing depth should not exceed 1 cm,

After the first shoots appear, it is necessary to collect the seedlings to have more room for growth and development.

Sowing in the open ground occurs approximately in May when at least six whole leaves have formed on the seedlings, and the stem height is about 11-12 cm.

16 How to Grow & Care for Nepeta or Catmint Plant Tips 2022

Are catnip and catmint the same thing?

Catmint (Nepeta or Catmint x faassenii) is similar to catnip but does not stimulate cats. It is a low-growing mounded plant with attractive, gray-green foliage. Its profuse blue flowers appear in early summer and again through the monsoon season.

What is catmint used for?

Catmint has a long history of use as a household herbal remedy, being employed especially in treating disorders of the digestive system and, as it stimulates sweating, it is useful in reducing fevers[254]. The herb’s pleasant taste and gentle action make it suitable for treating colds, flu, and fevers in children.

Is catmint annual or perennial?

Catmint (Nepeta) is a perennial herb that is a member of the mint family. It is an extremely easy-growing plant with few pests or problems. Nepeta or Catmint has slightly aromatic gray-green foliage with a delicate, lacy appearance.

Is catmint bad for cats?

Both catnip and catmint are types of mint that are safe to cats. Garden mint may cause gastrointestinal upset if too much is eaten. The essential oils specific to garden mint have also been known to relax the esophageal valve, making vomiting more likely in a cat who may already be ill.

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